How to do use this NAT?
If it is a WAN and you want it to act like a WAN you should set the upstream gateway on the interface.
WAN interface I has set 192.168.13.2.The upstream gateway should be set none. Is it correct?
Outbound NAT the NAT address set should use public ip address e.g. 188.8.131.52. Is it correct?
Thanks a lot.
Because I will set private ip on wan. So I need understand this setup.Thanks a lot.
You can configure the gateway monitoring to use an alternative (public) IP.
Edit the gateway settings in System > Routing > Gateways and enter a public IP which responses to ICMP into the "Monitor IP" box.
@viragomann I has use alternative (public) IP like 184.108.40.206 this ip address to monitor.I also test diag--ping to test wan. It's can ping to 220.127.116.11 this ip address.But it's always show offline.How to set monitor ip use ICMP?
Monitor pings every half-second by default. This is an ICMP echo request looking for an echo reply. Not sure what you're asking.
My Wan is set private ip use 192.168.15.2/24 and set gateway is 18.104.22.168. This gateway ip is true. And I can ping to anywhere. But monitor always show offline.
Then pings to the monitor IP address are not being returned.
@Derelict So if I use private ip at WAN interface. The monitor is show offline is normal?
Yes. That is why you need three routable IP addresses to do HA correctly. Else only the node that holds the CARP address can access the internet.
If it is worth HA it is worth doing correctly.
Hello, I have two wan interface. I has set private ip on two wan interface. It's can ping outgoing on pfsense. I has set default gateway. But client pc only go default gateway to internet. If client pc set outbound NAT to none default gateway. It's can't go to internet. How to set up it?
No idea based on that description. Sorry. Please post more details.
WAN1 -- 192.168.15.2/24 and gateway set to 22.214.171.124
WAN1 have five CARP IPs.
WAN2 -- 192.168.20.2/24 and gateway set to 126.96.36.199
WAN2 have file CARP IPs.
LAN1 -- 192.168.0.0/24
LAN2 -- 192.168.10.0/24
Outbound NAT set LAN1 to WAN2 CARP IP. Set LAN2 to WAN1 CARP IP.
I set default gateway as WAN2.
It's only LAN1 user can go to internet. LAN2 user can't go to internet.
If I set default gateway is WAN1.
It's only LAN2 user can go to internet. LAN1 user can't.
How to set it?
You do not route traffic with Outbound NAT rules. You route traffic with policy routing rules.
Set your Outbound NAT for all inside source addresses on both WANs to the proper CARP VIP.
Policy routing determines what traffic flows out which interface.
So in addition to setting the Outbound NAT to the CARP IP, also set the Gateway in LAN1 and LAN2's Rules, right?
I has set finish all WAN and LAN setting and success it. But I have another problem. I set openvpn on it and click on redirect ipv4 gateway this option. But when client connect openvpn server. It's can't go to internet. If I click off redirect ipv4 gateway. It's can go to internet. But it's use original IP. I has set firewall rules all allow for OPENVPN tab. Could any loss another setting?
Outbound NAT for the tunnel network source addresses. Again, the NAT address should be the CARP VIP just like for any other inside network.
You also need to pass all traffic on the OpenVPN firewall rules.
Thanks a lot. I have another question. I has set some NAT setting.
NAT Reflection mode --> PureNAT
Enable NAT Reflection for 1:1 NAT --> check on.
Enable automatic outbound NAT for Reflection --> check on.
But user can't browser intranet web page when this web page resolve IP is CARP IP.Could I miss another setting?
Doesn't sound like it. Split DNS is generally considered a more effective solution.
But it depends. You'll have to post everything including the firewall rules for the interface the users are sourcing from.
I got some pic about firewall rules.
Please see attachment.
I have not set any block rules. Could have any problem?
What, specifically, is not working?