Minimizing data use on failover gateway

  • pfSense V2.4.4p2
    Primary WAN gateway is a cable modem
    Failover WAN gateway is a Netgear LB2120 LTE modem

    For the failover WAN, we're using a "pay per 100 megabyte" service, so I'd like to minimize the amount of data sent over this connection. In the pfSense documention, there is an example of how to configure the firewall so that only select devices can use the failover WAN. I think I have all this set-up correctly, but I'm still getting some data going over the fail-over WAN when primary WAN appears to be OK. In the firewall, I've created an alias for devices that can use the failover WAN. For testing, I set the alias to an unused LAN IP address. However, the cell service still reports data being used. I'm just not sure how to figure-out why. Screenshots below. Any advice or suggestions?

    Primary Gateway:

    Failover Gateway:

    Gateway Group:

    Primary LAN (VLAN80 is similar):

  • Just to clarify, my objective here is to avoid using cellular data at all unless the cable modem is 100% down. I've tried several things to isolate where the data leak is coming from, but still not sure.

    1. Changed devFailover alias (devices allowed to use the failover WAN gateway) to an unsed IP
    2. Disabled the firewall rule allowing failover devices to leave the LAN
    3. Marked the failover gateway as down

    In these cases, my cellular service stats webpage indicates a small amount of data was used. Next, I physically removed the ethernet cable connecting the pfSense router to the cellular modem. The cellular modem is still on. So far, the cellular service stats indicate no data usage. This tell me that the router is leaking data out of the failover WAN. At this point, am am not sure how.

  • LAYER 8 Netgate

    There will always be traffic from gateway monitoring (two pings per second by default) unless it is disabled. If it is disabled you will have to do without knowing if that gateway is up or down.

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