Wildcard DNS entries

  • If you need a wildcard in your DNS forwarder (*.domain.com)

    1. Log in to pfSense 2.0 instance via the web interface.
      2. Go to Services-> DNS Forwarder (http://pfSensense_url/services_dnsmasq.php)
      3. Click the Advanced button Add as many of the following as you need, each entry on a new line.


    Where dev is the end of the wildcard entry, and is the ip that these wildcard names will resolve to. Think of dev as *.dev, but only list the part after the dot. So myhost.dev, myhost.subdomain.dev, and anything else that ends in .dev and is not defined elsewhere, will resolve to the ip provided.

    So if you need *.com then the corresponding line will look like


    Credit: http://serverfault.com/questions/321563/how-can-i-setup-a-wilcard-dns-entry-on-pfsense
    Thank you Scott

  • Banned

    Howto for DNS Resolver (Unbound):
    1. Go to Services -> DNS Resolver
    2. Add the desired wildcard entries to the Advanced box:

    local-zone: "example.com" redirect
    local-data: "example.com 3600 IN A"

    Documentation: unbound.conf(5)

                     The query is answered from the local data for the zone  name.
                     There  may  be  no  local  data  beneath the zone name.  This
                     answers queries for the zone, and all subdomains of the  zone
                     with the local data for the zone.  It can be used to redirect
                     a domain to return a different  address  record  to  the  end
                     user,    with   local-zone:   "example.com."   redirect   and
                     local-data: "example.com. A" queries for  www.exam-
                     ple.com and www.foo.example.com are redirected, so that users
                     with web browsers  cannot  access  sites  with  suffix  exam-

  • Banned

    I cant get it to work

  • Seems that if you try the above for pfSense 2.2.4 with an unbound resolver, you will get a duplicate zone error…

    unbound: [42597:0] warning: duplicate local-zone
    unbound: [42597:0] error: could not enter zone mydomain.ddns.net transparent
    unbound: [42597:0] fatal error: Could not set up local zones

    if I just use the last line (suggested by the wiki), it starts successfully. From an external IP dig doesn't seem to like it and the wildcard still doesn't work…

    [user@localhost /]$ dig @mydomain.ddns.net ubuntu64.mydomain.ddns.net
    ; <<>> DiG 9.10.2-P4-RedHat-9.10.2-5.P4.fc22 <<>> @mydomain.ddns.net ubuntu64.mydomain.ddns.net
    ; (1 server found)
    ;; global options: +cmd
    ;; Got answer:
    ;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: REFUSED, id: 24562
    ;; flags: qr rd ad; QUERY: 0, ANSWER: 0, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 0
    ;; WARNING: recursion requested but not available
    ;; Query time: 157 msec
    ;; SERVER:
    ;; WHEN: Wed Oct 14 15:01:32 PDT 2015
    ;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 12
    [user@localhost /]$ 

    FYI - I have opened TCP/UDP 53 in the firewall

  • @Yowsers:

    This is in the wiki as well.

    Yes - and that page also misses a big gotcha.

    As someone coming from dnsmasq / "forwarder"  I had multiple host overrides too.

    Unbound / resolver refuses to start if you set up a wildcard subdomain AND have host overrides that match.  So you need to delete all the host overrides that use the same subdomain.

    If you want to override a host in your domain override with unbound, best to do it on the resolver at which you are pointing.

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