FreeRADIUS 3 package will not start



  • @jimp:

    FYI- The package is now up for 2.3.4 users to test out, too.

    Hi jimp,

    I've just upgraded to freeradius3 (pfsense 2.3.4-RELEASE-p1), now freeradius refuse to start, and there's no log regarding to radiusd,what what should I do?
    Is that a bug?
    I tried reinstall it, even uninstall v3 install v2 again.
    Still, freeradius won't start.
    It was all good till I upgraded to freeradius3.
    :'( :'( :'(

    Please help :'(

    Thanks!


  • Rebel Alliance Developer Netgate

    I split this off because that other thread was dead. Wait until FreeRADIUS 0.15 shows up, then install it (or upgrade to it). If you still have problems on 0.15, then post any errors you see in the GUI or system log messages about radius or radiusd.



  • @jimp:

    I split this off because that other thread was dead. Wait until FreeRADIUS 0.15 shows up, then install it (or upgrade to it). If you still have problems on 0.15, then post any errors you see in the GUI or system log messages about radius or radiusd.

    Hi jimp it's ok :)
    I forgot to mention, it is version 0.15.
    Because it appeared on the Available Packages page, so I upgraded  :'(
    There is no error in system log, do you know else where (location) I can get log or dump file?

    Only have these entries when use "radius" as message filter

    
    Aug 31 22:48:19	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius3-0.15 installed
    Aug 31 22:48:19	php		/etc/rc.packages: Successfully installed package: freeradius3.
    Aug 31 22:48:18	php		/etc/rc.packages: Beginning package installation for freeradius3 .
    Aug 31 22:44:42	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius3-0.15 deinstalled
    Aug 31 22:44:41	php		/etc/rc.packages: The command '/usr/local/etc/rc.d/radiusd.sh stop' returned exit code '1', the output was 'radiusd not running?'
    Aug 31 22:21:22	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius3 reinstalled: 0.15 -> 0.15
    Aug 31 22:21:22	php		/etc/rc.packages: Successfully installed package: freeradius3.
    Aug 31 22:21:21	php		/etc/rc.packages: Beginning package installation for freeradius3 .
    Aug 31 22:21:21	php		/etc/rc.packages: The command '/usr/local/etc/rc.d/radiusd.sh stop' returned exit code '1', the output was 'radiusd not running?'
    Aug 31 21:56:21	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius3-0.15 installed
    Aug 31 21:56:21	php		/etc/rc.packages: Successfully installed package: freeradius3.
    Aug 31 21:56:20	php		/etc/rc.packages: Beginning package installation for freeradius3 .
    Aug 31 21:54:39	pkg		freeradius3-3.0.15 installed
    Aug 31 21:52:32	pkg		freeradius-2.2.9 deinstalled
    Aug 31 21:52:32	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius2-1.7.9 deinstalled
    Aug 31 21:52:31	php		/etc/rc.packages: The command '/usr/local/etc/rc.d/radiusd.sh stop' returned exit code '1', the output was 'radiusd not running?'
    Aug 31 21:48:23	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius2-1.7.9 installed
    Aug 31 21:48:23	php		/etc/rc.packages: Successfully installed package: freeradius2.
    Aug 31 21:48:22	php		/etc/rc.packages: freeRADIUS: Creating new random file in /usr/local/etc/raddb/certs
    Aug 31 21:48:22	php		/etc/rc.packages: FreeRADIUS: Creating backup of the original file to /usr/local/etc/raddb/files.backup
    Aug 31 21:48:22	php		/etc/rc.packages: FreeRADIUS: Creating backup of the original file to /usr/local/etc/raddb/policy.conf.backup
    Aug 31 21:48:22	php		/etc/rc.packages: Beginning package installation for freeradius2 .
    Aug 31 21:48:22	pkg		freeradius-2.2.9 installed
    Aug 31 21:45:42	pkg		freeradius3-3.0.15 deinstalled
    Aug 31 21:45:42	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius3-0.15 deinstalled
    Aug 31 21:45:40	php		/etc/rc.packages: The command '/usr/local/etc/rc.d/radiusd.sh stop' returned exit code '1', the output was 'radiusd not running?'
    Aug 31 21:42:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:41:33	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius3-0.15 installed
    Aug 31 21:41:33	php		/etc/rc.packages: Successfully installed package: freeradius3.
    Aug 31 21:41:31	php		/etc/rc.packages: Beginning package installation for freeradius3 .
    Aug 31 21:41:31	pkg		freeradius3-3.0.15 installed
    Aug 31 21:41:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:40:47	pkg		freeradius3-3.0.15 deinstalled
    Aug 31 21:40:47	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius3-0.15 deinstalled
    Aug 31 21:40:45	php		/etc/rc.packages: The command '/usr/local/etc/rc.d/radiusd.sh stop' returned exit code '1', the output was 'radiusd not running?'
    Aug 31 21:40:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:39:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:38:24	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius3 reinstalled: 0.15 -> 0.15
    Aug 31 21:38:24	php		/etc/rc.packages: Successfully installed package: freeradius3.
    Aug 31 21:38:23	php		/etc/rc.packages: Beginning package installation for freeradius3 .
    Aug 31 21:38:22	php		/etc/rc.packages: The command '/usr/local/etc/rc.d/radiusd.sh stop' returned exit code '1', the output was 'radiusd not running?'
    Aug 31 21:38:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:37:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:36:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:35:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:34:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:32:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:31:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:30:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:29:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:28:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:27:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:26:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:25:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:24:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:23:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:22:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:21:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:20:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:19:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:18:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:17:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:16:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:15:00	php-cgi		servicewatchdog_cron.php: Service Watchdog detected service radiusd stopped. Restarting radiusd (FreeRADIUS Server)
    Aug 31 21:14:13	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius3-0.15 installed
    Aug 31 21:14:13	php		/etc/rc.packages: Successfully installed package: freeradius3.
    Aug 31 21:14:12	php		/etc/rc.packages: Beginning package installation for freeradius3 .
    Aug 31 21:14:12	pkg		freeradius3-3.0.15 installed
    Aug 31 21:14:08	pkg		freeradius-2.2.9 deinstalled
    Aug 31 21:14:08	pkg		pfSense-pkg-freeradius2-1.7.9 deinstalled
    
    

  • Banned

    Run

    
    radiusd -X
    
    

    from console and post the output.



  • @doktornotor:

    Run

    
    radiusd -X
    
    

    from console and post the output.

    Huge thanks man! ;D ;D ;D
    Got this from console
    Guess I could dive into those files, my guess is it's due to upgrade?
    The conf file must be from V2, so probably it's not compatible with V3?
    :)

    FreeRADIUS Version 3.0.15
    Copyright (C) 1999-2017 The FreeRADIUS server project and contributors
    There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A
    PARTICULAR PURPOSE
    You may redistribute copies of FreeRADIUS under the terms of the
    GNU General Public License
    For more information about these matters, see the file named COPYRIGHT
    Starting - reading configuration files ...
    including dictionary file /usr/local/share/freeradius/dictionary
    including dictionary file /usr/local/share/freeradius/dictionary.dhcp
    including dictionary file /usr/local/share/freeradius/dictionary.vqp
    including dictionary file /usr/local/etc/raddb/dictionary
    including configuration file /usr/local/etc/raddb/radiusd.conf
    including configuration file /usr/local/etc/raddb/clients.conf
    /usr/local/etc/raddb/clients.conf[20]: Parse error after "f": unexpected token "<"
    Errors reading or parsing /usr/local/etc/raddb/radiusd.conf
    

  • Banned

    What's in /usr/local/etc/raddb/clients.conf? (line 20, but post some context as well).



  • @doktornotor:

    What's in /usr/local/etc/raddb/clients.conf? (line 20, but post some context as well).

    mmmm, Interesting

    line 20 is this: secret = A<103.,c-!:@=1;d,f<@># <dkg1nc-1<br>It must be improper character escape bug I assume? Since it's working under V2
    ;)</dkg1nc-1<br>



  • Fixed secret, now I have new error with radiusd -X

    tls: Failed reading Trusted root CA list "/usr/local/etc/raddb/certs/ca_cert.pem"
    tls: error:0906D066:PEM routines:PEM_read_bio:bad end line
    tls: error:0B084009:x509 certificate routines:X509_load_cert_crl_file:PEM lib
    rlm_eap_tls: Failed initializing SSL context
    rlm_eap (EAP): Failed to initialise rlm_eap_tls
    /usr/local/etc/raddb/mods-enabled/eap[2]: Instantiation failed for module "eap"
    

    :o


  • Banned

    No idea what you have there in ca_cert.pem. It's supposed to end with

    
    -----END CERTIFICATE-----
    
    


  • @doktornotor:

    No idea what you have there in ca_cert.pem. It's supposed to end with

    
    -----END CERTIFICATE-----
    
    

    Weird, my CA was the default one, generated when pfsense was installed



  • Interesting.

    After dig into the CA.

    I found that the CA file was cut off at the end, like several lines are missing.

    After I copied back the complete CA content, everything rocks again.  ;D ;D

    That's something new to know I guess.

    Thanks very much guys!

    Cheers!!!


  • Banned

    OK… No idea how the CA file got corrupted, the package just uses whatever is saved as a selected CA certificate in config.xml.



  • @doktornotor:

    OK… No idea how the CA file got corrupted, the package just uses whatever is saved as a selected CA certificate in config.xml.

    I know, it's weird.
    I don't even know when it gets corrupted.
    At least now I know there is one more thing need to be aware of when freeradius goes wrong.

    ;)


  • Banned

    One more thing - can you test the shared secret like this?

    'A<103.,c-!:@=1;d,f<@># <dkg1nc-1'<br>(Save and check whether RADIUS is still running.)</dkg1nc-1'<br>



  • @doktornotor:

    One more thing - can you test the shared secret like this?

    'A<103.,c-!:@=1;d,f<@># <dkg1nc-1'<br>(Save and check whether RADIUS is still running.)</dkg1nc-1'<br>

    Like put exactly 'A<103.,c-!:@=1;d,f<@>#


  • Banned

    Yes.



  • @doktornotor:

    Yes.

    Errrr, guess it won't work?
    Cause it's over 31 characters :o


  • Banned

    It should still stay 31 characters, just avoid the misparsing issues. See man unlang regarding the single quotes. The single quotes shouldn't count as part of the secret.



  • @doktornotor:

    It should still stay 31 characters, just avoid the misparsing issues. See man unlang regarding the single quotes. The single quotes shouldn't count as part of the secret.

    Ummmmmm
    It returns error as in image



  • Banned

    Eh, well… edit this line to 33. I just wanted you to test whether it stops breaking the config, that's all.



  • @doktornotor:

    Eh, well… edit this line to 33. I just wanted you to test whether it stops breaking the config, that's all.

    Cool, tested.
    Results are:

    | freeradius | ap | Results |
    | 'A<103.,c-!:@=1;d,f<@># | 'A<103.,c-!:@=1;d,f<@># | Fail |
    | 'A<103.,c-!:@=1;d,f<@># | A<103.,c-!:@=1;d,f<@># | Pass |


  • Banned

    Yes, as said, the secret does not really change. I'll do a PR to add single quotes around the secret automatically so that you can input it without quotes in both the AP and pfSense.

    https://redmine.pfsense.org/issues/7836
    https://github.com/pfsense/FreeBSD-ports/pull/415



  • Thanks doktornotor 8)
    One question though, can a single quote (or backslash) be part of the secret? And if so, should it also be escaped.?.
    Found this http://networkradius.com/doc/3.0.10/raddb/syntax/data_string.html but not sure its about the exact same software.

    Example
    'a string with spaces'
    'a string with \'quotes\' in it'
    'a string with a backslash \\ in it'
    

    Um ok, reading your pullrequest while writing this i realize your asking the enduser to do this, but then the check for 31 characters should perhaps also allow more characters.?. Wouldnt it be easier to let the code writing the config file do the proper escaping?


  • Banned

    There are tons of places in pfSense where the code won't work as expected when doing things like putting various UTF-8 accented chars, or even multibyte characters into passwords, secrets and other settings since it either breaks config.xml or strlen() and other non mb_ prefixed functions don't handle this.

    https://redmine.pfsense.org/issues/7186
    https://redmine.pfsense.org/issues/7423
    https://redmine.pfsense.org/issues/7623

    The field in freeradiusclients.xml is not base64-encoded because it wasn't possible with XML and pasword-type field. Now, when you attempt to use some functions to automatically escape/replace things with those non-encoded strings, you run into things like this one. When you switch the field to use base64, you need to write code to upgrade the config automatically on installing the next package version.

    Afraid someone else will need to do the job since I frankly think that people that insist on shooting themselves in the foot need to pick up the pieces. (I recall a couple of threads here where people were complaining that putting a carriage return character in password makes their life miserable with password prompts…  ::))


  • Banned

    And one final thing - the idea to "let the code writing the config file do the proper escaping" is very cool until you run into a genius who invents a secret like f#$k'1t and you don't know whether he meant to escape the ' or literally use '  :-X



  • Ok the ' and \ aren't 'very special' like some of the other examples you provide, but i get the point ;D
    Having a carriage return in a password must be very secure i havn't thought about using that in any my passwords sofar ;).

    imho in general escaping in config files should be done by 'the software', and if a genius did it manually, then i suppose thats to bad for them when pfSense gets 'fixed'. Cant expect the enduser to know/lookup every escape sequence for each piece of software used by pfSense. So your patch certainly helps make that clear for this field. But i guess my point is made :)

    Lets wait for someone to run into it and then perhaps take another look.



  • @doktornotor:

    Yes, as said, the secret does not really change. I'll do a PR to add single quotes around the secret automatically so that you can input it without quotes in both the AP and pfSense.

    https://redmine.pfsense.org/issues/7836
    https://github.com/pfsense/FreeBSD-ports/pull/415

    Cool! ;)

    Thanks! ;D


  • Banned

    @PiBa:

    i realize your asking the enduser to do this, but then the check for 31 characters should perhaps also allow more characters.?

    Actually I'd say it works properly as is:

    
    $post['varclientsharedsecret'] = '0123456789\\\\0123456789\\0123456789\\\\\'\'\'';
    echo $post['varclientsharedsecret'];
    echo "\n";
    echo strlen($post['varclientsharedsecret']);
    
    

    Result:

    
    0123456789\\0123456789\0123456789\\'''
    38
    
    

    Now, consider trying to match/escape things (meant as literal unescaped string) such as \' properly:

    preg_match_all("/[\\\](?!\\'){1}/", $post['varclientsharedsecret'])
    

    just to match a single \ while avoiding hitting the "escaped" ' if it follows. Oooops shit… Well I'd say the escaping it way better left to users.


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