Ralink RT2561S WLAN card - No carrier?

  • I've installed a Ralink RT2561S MiniPCI WLAN adapter in my Alix board. It found a few WLAN adapters inside some of my abandoned hardware, but this was the only card to be recognized by my pfSense installation. I'm running pfSense 1.2.2 embedded by the way.
    As mentioned the card is detected and I've added it to my adapters list - and only configured the basic valus (SSID, IP etc. - everything in bold), but the status is reported as "No carrier" in Status > Interfaces.

    If the card is recognized, shouldn't it work in some form? Is there any way to get it working, or will I have to go out and buy a new miniPCI adapter? I would hate to have to spend more money on it :)

    Here's a copy of my interfaces and DMESG dumps:

    vr0: flags=8843 <up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 1500
    options=280b <rxcsum,txcsum,vlan_mtu>ether 00:0d:b9:18:be:58
    inet netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast
    inet6 fe80::20d:b9ff:fe18:be58%vr0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x1
    media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX <full-duplex>)
    status: active
    vr1: flags=8802 <broadcast,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 1500
    options=280b <rxcsum,txcsum,vlan_mtu>ether 00:0d:b9:18:be:59
    media: Ethernet autoselect (none)
    status: no carrier
    vr2: flags=8843 <up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 1500
    options=280b <rxcsum,txcsum,vlan_mtu>ether 00:0d:b9:18:be:5a
    inet WAN.IP.ADDRESS netmask 0xfffffff8 broadcast
    inet6 fe80::20d:b9ff:fe18:be5a%vr2 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x3
    media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX <full-duplex>)
    status: active
    ral0: flags=8843 <up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 1500
    ether 00:0e:2e:9b:d3:14
    inet6 fe80::20e:2eff:fe9b:d314%ral0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x4
    inet netmask 0xffffffff broadcast
    media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11b
    status: no carrier
    ssid SDEO2 channel 4 (2427 Mhz 11b)
    authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 50 bmiss 7 scanvalid 60 bgscan
    bgscanintvl 300 bgscanidle 250 roam:rssi11b 7 roam:rate11b 1
    pfsync0: flags=41 <up,running>metric 0 mtu 1460
    pfsync: syncdev: lo0 syncpeer: maxupd: 128
    pflog0: flags=100 <promisc>metric 0 mtu 33204
    enc0: flags=0<> metric 0 mtu 1536
    lo0: flags=8049 <up,loopback,running,multicast>metric 0 mtu 16384
    inet netmask 0xff000000
    inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128
    inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x8

    Copyright © 1992-2008 The FreeBSD Project.
    Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
    The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
    FreeBSD is a registered trademark of The FreeBSD Foundation.
    FreeBSD 7.0-RELEASE-p8 #0: Thu Jan  8 23:06:42 EST 2009
    Timecounter "i8254" frequency 1193182 Hz quality 0
    CPU: Geode(TM) Integrated Processor by AMD PCS (498.05-MHz 586-class CPU)
      Origin = "AuthenticAMD"  Id = 0x5a2  Stepping = 2
      Features=0x88a93d <fpu,de,pse,tsc,msr,cx8,sep,pge,cmov,clflush,mmx>AMD Features=0xc0400000 <mmx+,3dnow!+,3dnow!>real memory  = 268435456 (256 MB)
    avail memory = 252841984 (241 MB)
    pnpbios: Bad PnP BIOS data checksum
    wlan: mac acl policy registered
    K6-family MTRR support enabled (2 registers)
    ath_hal: (AR5210, AR5211, AR5212, RF5111, RF5112, RF2413, RF5413)
    cryptosoft0: <software crypto="">on motherboard
    cpu0 on motherboard
    pcib0: <host to="" pci="" bridge="">pcibus 0 on motherboard
    pci0: <pci bus="">on pcib0
    MFGPT bar: f00100006200
    pci0: <encrypt decrypt,="" entertainment="" crypto="">at device 1.2 (no driver attached)
    vr0: <via 10="" vt6105m="" rhine="" iii="" 100basetx="">port 0x1000-0x10ff mem 0xe0000000-0xe00000ff irq 10 at device 9.0 on pci0
    vr0: Quirks: 0x6
    vr0: Revision: 0x96
    miibus0: <mii bus="">on vr0
    ukphy0: <generic ieee="" 802.3u="" media="" interface="">PHY 1 on miibus0
    ukphy0:  10baseT, 10baseT-FDX, 100baseTX, 100baseTX-FDX, auto
    vr0: Ethernet address: 00:0d:b9:18:be:58
    vr0: [ITHREAD]
    vr1: <via 10="" vt6105m="" rhine="" iii="" 100basetx="">port 0x1400-0x14ff mem 0xe0040000-0xe00400ff irq 11 at device 10.0 on pci0
    vr1: Quirks: 0x6
    vr1: Revision: 0x96
    miibus1: <mii bus="">on vr1
    ukphy1: <generic ieee="" 802.3u="" media="" interface="">PHY 1 on miibus1
    ukphy1:  10baseT, 10baseT-FDX, 100baseTX, 100baseTX-FDX, auto
    vr1: Ethernet address: 00:0d:b9:18:be:59
    vr1: [ITHREAD]
    vr2: <via 10="" vt6105m="" rhine="" iii="" 100basetx="">port 0x1800-0x18ff mem 0xe0080000-0xe00800ff irq 15 at device 11.0 on pci0
    vr2: Quirks: 0x6
    vr2: Revision: 0x96
    miibus2: <mii bus="">on vr2
    ukphy2: <generic ieee="" 802.3u="" media="" interface="">PHY 1 on miibus2
    ukphy2:  10baseT, 10baseT-FDX, 100baseTX, 100baseTX-FDX, auto
    vr2: Ethernet address: 00:0d:b9:18:be:5a
    vr2: [ITHREAD]
    ral0: <ralink technology="" rt2561s="">mem 0xe00c0000-0xe00c7fff irq 9 at device 12.0 on pci0
    ral0: MAC/BBP RT2561C, RF RT2527
    ral0: Ethernet address: 00:0e:2e:9b:d3:14
    ral0: [ITHREAD]
    isab0: <pci-isa bridge="">port 0x6000-0x6007,0x6100-0x61ff,0x6200-0x623f,0x9d00-0x9d7f,0x9c00-0x9c3f at device 15.0 on pci0
    isa0: <isa bus="">on isab0
    atapci0: <amd cs5536="" udma100="" controller="">port 0x1f0-0x1f7,0x3f6,0x170-0x177,0x376,0xff00-0xff0f at device 15.2 on pci0
    ata0: <ata 0="" channel="">on atapci0
    ata0: [ITHREAD]
    ata1: <ata 1="" channel="">on atapci0
    ata1: [ITHREAD]
    ohci0: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">mem 0xefffe000-0xefffefff irq 12 at device 15.4 on pci0
    ohci0: [GIANT-LOCKED]
    ohci0: [ITHREAD]
    usb0: OHCI version 1.0, legacy support
    usb0: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">on ohci0
    usb0: USB revision 1.0
    uhub0: <amd 1="" 9="" ohci="" root="" hub,="" class="" 0,="" rev="" 1.00="" 1.00,="" addr="">on usb0
    uhub0: 4 ports with 4 removable, self powered
    ehci0: <ehci (generic)="" usb="" 2.0="" controller="">mem 0xefffd000-0xefffdfff irq 12 at device 15.5 on pci0
    ehci0: [GIANT-LOCKED]
    ehci0: [ITHREAD]
    usb1: EHCI version 1.0
    usb1: companion controller, 4 ports each: usb0
    usb1: <ehci (generic)="" usb="" 2.0="" controller="">on ehci0
    usb1: USB revision 2.0
    uhub1: <amd 1="" 9="" ehci="" root="" hub,="" class="" 0,="" rev="" 2.00="" 1.00,="" addr="">on usb1
    uhub1: 4 ports with 4 removable, self powered
    orm0: <isa option="" rom="">at iomem 0xe0000-0xea7ff pnpid ORM0000 on isa0
    ppc0: parallel port not found.
    sio0 at port 0x3f8-0x3ff irq 4 flags 0x30 on isa0
    sio0: type 16550A, console
    sio0: [FILTER]
    sio1 at port 0x2f8-0x2ff irq 3 on isa0
    sio1: type 16550A
    sio1: [FILTER]
    Timecounter "TSC" frequency 498053984 Hz quality 800
    Timecounters tick every 10.000 msec
    Fast IPsec: Initialized Security Association Processing.
    ad0: 1935MB < 20071116> at ata0-master PIO4
    GEOM_LABEL: Label for provider ad0a is ufs/pfSense.
    GEOM_LABEL: Label for provider ad0d is ufs/pfSenseCfg.
    Trying to mount root from ufs:/dev/ufs/pfSense

    / f \
    / p \
    / Sense
    \/  \

    Welcome to pfSense 1.2.2 on the 'embedded' platform…

    Setting up embedded specific environment...
    Mounting filesystems...
    Creating symlinks...
    Launching PHP init system...
    Starting device manager (devd)...
    Loading configuration...
    Updating configuration...
    Cleaning backup cache...
    Setting up extended sysctls...
    Syncing user passwords...
    Starting Secure Shell Services...
    Setting timezone...
    Starting syslog...
    Configuring LAN interface...
    vr0: link state changed to UP
    Configuring WAN interface...
    vr2: link state changed to UP
    Configuring OPT interfaces...
    vr1: link state changed to DOWN
    Configuring CARP interfaces...
    Starting OpenNTP time client...
    pflog0: promiscuous mode enabled
    Configuring firewall...
    Starting webConfigurator...
    Starting DHCP service...
    Starting DNS forwarder...
    Configuring PPTP VPN service...
    Setting up microcode and tx/rx offloading...
    Starting FTP helpers...
    Final filter pass...
    Generating RRD graphs...
    Starting DHCP service...
    Starting CRON...
    Executing rc.d items...
    Starting /usr/local/etc/rc.d/*.sh...
    appending output to nohup.out
    Bootup complete

    FreeBSD/i386 (sdeofw1.southdenmark.local) (console)

    *** Welcome to pfSense 1.2.2-embedded on sdeofw1 ***

    LAN*                    -> vr0 ->

    OPT1(OPT1)              -> vr1 -> NONE

    WAN*                    -> vr2 -> WAN.IP.ADDRESS

    OPT2(WLAN)              -> ral0 ->

    pfSense console setup

    0)  Logout (SSH only)
    1)  Assign Interfaces
    2)  Set LAN IP address
    3)  Reset webConfigurator password
    4)  Reset to factory defaults
    5)  Reboot system
    6)  Halt system
    7)  Ping host
    8)  Shell
    9)  PFtop
    10)  Filter Logs
    11)  Restart webConfigurator
    12)  pfSense PHP shell
    13)  Upgrade from console
    14)  Disable Secure Shell (sshd)

    Enter an option:
    arp: is on lo0 but got reply from 00:15:17:6b:56:b8 on vr2
    arp: is on lo0 but got reply from 00:15:17:6b:56:b8 on vr0</isa></amd></ehci></ehci></amd></ohci></ohci></ata></ata></amd></isa></pci-isa></ralink></generic></mii></via></generic></mii></via></generic></mii></via></encrypt></pci></host></software></mmx+,3dnow!+,3dnow!></fpu,de,pse,tsc,msr,cx8,sep,pge,cmov,clflush,mmx></up,loopback,running,multicast></promisc></up,running></up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast></full-duplex></rxcsum,txcsum,vlan_mtu></up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast></rxcsum,txcsum,vlan_mtu></broadcast,simplex,multicast></full-duplex></rxcsum,txcsum,vlan_mtu></up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>

  • I had the same problem yesterday, also just bought a Ralink 250xx-based WLAN-NIC. Go to interface name under the "Interfaces" tab, and then under the "General configuration", set the Type to "Static", and add the IP-information below. I'm not 100% sure, but i think that's what solved the "no carrier" problem.

  • Thanks, but the IP was already set to static… Hmm, I guess I'll just have to find another NIC.

    Best regards,


  • I noticed the pfSense you are running is based on what is now a fairly old version of FreeBSD. It might be worth trying a recent 1.2.3 snapshot build.