Vpn para principiantes

  • Hola a todos he intentado configurar una vpn con openvpn y me surgieron las siguientes dudas-

    1- En el ambiente de servidor quien seria el servidor de vpn el pfsense o la maquina que configuro por dentro como servidor por que veo que en uno de los tutoriales se muestra como configurar xp como servidor y cliente-

    2- A la hora de que a la interfaz TAP se le asigne ip quein es el encargado de asignar estas ips y deberia ser en el mismo rango que la LAN?

    3- que ventajas me da sobre un acceso remoto tipo Terminal Services?

    Muchas Gracias

  • Encontre esto en el foro en ingles se ve muy bueno aqui lo dejo si funciona lo comento en este post muchas gracias

    Having spend most of my day to get OpenVPN running from a Windows Vista machine to a network on a pfSense box, i feel that a guide is needed for my kind; Windows-users not familiar with OpenVPN and alike

    A guide of how to connect a PC on the internet, to LAN behind a pfSense firewall using OpenVPN also known as a Road-Warrior setup

    This guide is NOT detailed regarding different configurations, and may not be the best security practices - so use it at your own risk…

    First of all you need to have keys and certificates generated in order to configure the pfSense OpenVPN service;

    1. Download and install the most recent software from http://openvpn.net/download.html
      If you plan to connect from a PC with Windows Vista you should get version 2.1 or newer (as of this moment its 2.1RC7).

    Use the default options

    1. Start a command prompt with administrator-rights!
      This is done in Vista by clicking on START and then type CMD -> CMD.EXE should appear, and you RIGHT-Click on it and select 'Run as Administrator'

    2. Change directory to c:\programfiles\openvpn\easy-rsa

    3. run the "init-config.bat" file

    4. Edit 'vars.bat' file.
      I suggest using 'Wordpad' and to be able to save the file again, you need to start Wordpad in the same manner as the command-prompt (see #2)
      The following things need to be edited:

    "set KEY_COUNTRY=DK"
    2 Letters country ID - I use DK for Denmark

    "set KEY_PROVINCE=na"
    2 Letters Province ID - I use na as in 'Not Applicable'

    "set KEY_CITY=Copenhagen"
    Name of city

    set KEY_ORG=Frewald
    Name of your company

    set KEY_EMAIL=youremail@address.com
    Put an email-address here. Dont use you private address, since this is the common address for the Certificate Authority (or something...)

    Save the file

    1. Run "vars.bat"

    2. Run "clean-all.bat"

    Run "build-ca.bat"
    Then you are prompted for some different things; Leave them at default, except "Common Name" - put something like "pfSense-CA"

    1. Run "build-key-server.bat server"
      Again you are prompted; leave them on default except "Common Name" - use "server"

    2. Run build-dh.bat

    Now its time to generate keys and certificates for the client(s)

    1. Run "build-key.bat ovpn_client1"
      Again you are prompted; leave them on default except "Common Name" - here you should put in "ovpn_client1" (or whatever you have called it)
      The ovpn_client1 will be the name of the keys, certificate and the name you identify the connection on later. You can use whatever name you like, and generate as many as you want (with different names).

    2. The following files should now be copied from c:\programfiles\openvpn
      easy-rsa\keys to c:\programfiles\openvpn\config
      ovpn_client1.crt (if you dont see a .crt file but only a .csr file, chances are that you dont have admin priviligies. Worst case generate the keys and certificates on a NON-Vista machine)

    3. Make a file in the c:\programfiles\openvpn\config
      called "ovpn_client1.ovpn" and the file should contain (leave out the hashes):

    dev tun
    proto udp
    remote 1194
    ping 10
    resolv-retry infinite
    ca ca.crt
    cert ovpn_client1.crt
    key ovpn_client1.key
    ns-cert-type server
    verb 3

    Please put in your own public IP address of you pfSense-box in the 'remote' line
    If you have chosen another name than 'ovpn_client1' then change it in the lines beginning with 'cert' and 'key'
    If you have more than one VPN client, you make one .ovpn-file per client (with the corresponding .key and .crt name)

    Now its time to configure pfSense

    1. Log into the web-gui of pfSense

    2. Select VPN/OpenVPN and ad an entry in the 'server' page
      Use the following settings:
      Protocol: UDP
      Local port: 1194
      Address pool: (it should be a network that you DONT currently use)
      Local Network: or whatever the network is that you want the VPN client to connect to
      Remote Network: blank
      Cryptography: BF-CBC (128 bit) - or use what you want
      Authentication Method: PKI

    Now you need to have access to some of the files created in c:\programfiles\openvpn
    easy-rsa\keys (mentioned in #12)
    23) Copy the WHOLE content of ca.crt into the "CA certificate" window
    24) Copy the WHOLE content of server.crt into the "Server Certificate" window
    25) Copy the WHOLE content of server.key into the "Server Key" window
    26) Copy the WHOLE content of dh1024.pem into the "DH parameters" window

    1. Tick DHCP-Opt: Disable NetBIOS (I dont use it anyway)

    2. Tick LZO Compression

    Now we need a few simple rules in the firewall

    1. On the WAN interface you should make a rule that;
      Protocol: UDP
      source: any
      OS type: any
      Destination: any
      Destination port range from: OpenVPN
      Destination port range to: OpenVPN
      Tick in the LOG
      Leave the rest at default.

    2. and another rule on the interface called LAN (or whatever the name of the net defined in #22 'address pool' is);

    Any protocol
    Source: LAN (or whatever the name of the net defined in #22 'address pool' is)
    Any destination

    Remember to apply the new rules.

    Now you should be able to connect from OpenVPN (rightlick on the icon in the try and select Connect).
    But remember to start OpenVPN with ADMIN RIGHTS!

    A small trick; If you want a specific client to be able to access more than one subnet, you can add a 'Client Specific Configuration' in pfSense;
    Find it in the "WebGui/VPN/OpenVPN/Client-Specific configuration", use the Common Name given in #11 (ovpn_client1) and in custom options add the following line
    push "route"
    if thats the subnet that you want to have connection to.

    Hope this small guide provides some help to those of us who isn't much into *nix and OpenVPN.

    There is problably a bunch of typ'O's - please write a comment when you see one that needs to be corrected...

    This setup is working on my current setup:
    pfSense 1.2 RC4 now running on 1.2 RELASE
    OpenVPN 2.1 RC7

    Please visit http://openvpn.net/howto.htm for much more indepth info

    Best regards,

    Small update:
    If you later would like to add new clients, run point 2,3,6, and continue from point 11! - dont run point 7-8-9-10!!!!
    Also note you need to do this on the machine that was orignally used to issue the certificates.

  • leo, nose si te servirá aún, pero te paso el link a un excelente tutorial que hizo bellera (veraz quien es el en el foro) sobre como montar openvpn con pfsense


    a mi me servio y mucho…

    la única diferencia que hice con respecto a lo que menciona el tutorial es que en lugar de build-key client utilice build-key-pkcs12,
    pero por lo demás, tengo una vpn funcionando hace 6,7 meses sin ningun tipo de problemas y con uso intensivo también.


  • Funciono perfecto espero que este post le funcione a futuras personas que quieran implementar openvpn

  • Una buena opcion para VPN para principiantes es hacer un VPN PPTP es sencilla y hay un tutorial en el wiki de pfsense..

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