Help installing to from a usb cf card on an acer aspire 5517



  • Hey I am trying to install pfSense on an acer aspire 5517 laptop. I wrote the image to the cf card then plugged it into the acer laptop and set proper boot priority. It acts as if it found the boot device as it goes to a black screen with a blinking white line in the upper left corner but it just stays there. there is no hdd in it but i can put one in temporarily if it is needed.

    Please help and any advice is appreciated


  • Netgate Administrator

    Which image did you write and how? The nanobsd images send console output to the serial port.
    What is showing to make you think it is seeing and booting from the cf card?

    Steve



  • @stephenw10:

    Which image did you write and how? The nanobsd images send console output to the serial port.
    What is showing to make you think it is seeing and booting from the cf card?

    Steve

    2.0.1  i386 nanbsd

    if it didnt try to boot from that it would have gone to network boot



  • Sounds like it's booting normally. nanobsd doesn't have VGA output, strictly serial console. Get the nanobsd+VGA version if you want it to display on the laptop screen.



  • Ok I am up and running sort of. It will not connect to the internet. Windows diagnostics is telling me i have a dns server issue how would i resolve this?


  • Netgate Administrator

    Ok. Are you using Nano+VGA?
    What won't connect to the internet?
    Is your windows machine receiving a dns server from pfSense via dhcp?
    How is your network arranged?
    Anything else you think might be relevant!  ;)

    Steve



  • yep nano+vga
    my windows pc it says connectd with internet access but then when i go into google chrome nothing loads.  so i hit diagnose connection issues or whatever and got your dns server may not be connecting properly or something like that. basically We have the dsl line coming out from the wall to the modem than a cat6 ethernet cable up to the acer laptop running pfsense then a cat5e ethernet cable going to my hp desktop.
    Im not really sure what else is relavent but i used this video to set it up

    Youtube Video


  • Netgate Administrator

    Ok so Windows thinks DNS is not working.
    From the windows box can you ping google.com? Can you ping 8.8.8.8? If you can ping IP addresses but not URLs that proves DNS is not working.
    Try the same from the pfSense console, can you ping from there?
    Is the WAN address of your pfSense a private IP address received from the modem? If it is it MUST be in a different subnet to the LAN.

    Steve



  • I can ping to my ip but no urls. And how do I do this from the pfsense console?

    how do you change subets?


  • Netgate Administrator

    On the laptop at the console enter option 8 for a command shell. At the prompt you can ping:

    [2.0.1-RELEASE][root@pfsense.fire.box]/root(1): ping google.com
    PING google.com (173.194.34.66): 56 data bytes
    64 bytes from 173.194.34.66: icmp_seq=0 ttl=56 time=11.349 ms
    64 bytes from 173.194.34.66: icmp_seq=1 ttl=56 time=11.655 ms
    64 bytes from 173.194.34.66: icmp_seq=2 ttl=56 time=11.551 ms
    ^C
    --- google.com ping statistics ---
    3 packets transmitted, 3 packets received, 0.0% packet loss
    round-trip min/avg/max/stddev = 11.349/11.518/11.655/0.127 ms
    [2.0.1-RELEASE][root@pfsense.fire.box]/root(2): ping 8.8.8.8
    PING 8.8.8.8 (8.8.8.8): 56 data bytes
    64 bytes from 8.8.8.8: icmp_seq=0 ttl=49 time=20.243 ms
    64 bytes from 8.8.8.8: icmp_seq=1 ttl=49 time=19.750 ms
    64 bytes from 8.8.8.8: icmp_seq=2 ttl=49 time=20.872 ms
    ^C
    --- 8.8.8.8 ping statistics ---
    3 packets transmitted, 3 packets received, 0.0% packet loss
    round-trip min/avg/max/stddev = 19.750/20.288/20.872/0.459 ms
    
    

    You can assign a new IP to your LAN from the menu or from the web dashboard but you only need to do this if there is a clash.
    What are your WAN and LAN IP addresses?

    Steve



  • wan is 192.168.1.6
    lan is 192.168.1.1

    running ping from the modual right now. What should l look for and if i need to change my ip what should i change it to?



  • You can't have WAN and LAN in the same subnet, make one or the other different.



  • How do I Change that?


  • Netgate Administrator

    At the console menu on the laptop choose option 2, Set interface(s) IP address.
    Choose the LAN interface and set it to some other subnet, 192.168.100.1 for example. Use the suggested subnet and dhcp options.
    You will have to either renew the dhcp leases on any LAN side clients manually or disconnect/reconnect them to make it happen.

    Steve



  • @antleo:

    How do I Change that?

    Probably the more interesting question is "what do I change it to?" and to answer that question we will need to know a bit more about your configuration.

    Steve's suggestion about reconfiguring the LAN interface is a good one. But it is not clear from the information you have given, what a suitable configuration for the WAN interface is.

    1. Did you assign the WAN interface the fixed address 192.168.1.1 or does it get that address by DHCP?

    2. Is the ADSL modem a modem only or a modem/router combination acting as a router?

    The obvious problem with your configuration is that the WAN and LAN interfaces are almost certainly in the same "subnet" and consequently when your Windows system attempts to connect to the pfSense web GUI the response might be sent over the LAN interface (good!) or the WAN interface (bad!). The configuration needs to be changed so the two interfaces are in different subnets, but the WAN interface needs to be configured correctly for conversation with the modem. Since we don't know enough about the modem we don't yet know how the WAN interface should be configured.

    Once you have followed Stev's suggestion you should be able to connect to the pfSense web GUI from your Windows system and make any necessary configuration changes from there.



  • Modem and router. I don't know much about networking but I hope to learn.

    It was a dhcp thing



  • @antleo:

    Modem and router. I don't know much about networking but I hope to learn.

    OK, just changing the LAN interface IP as Steve suggested will probably be enough.



  • I still can't connect on the windows machine and the ipv4 and ipv6 still say no network access and I get the little caution triangle in the windows LAN connected thing in the bottom right corner


  • Netgate Administrator

    There are three things (at least!) that could be wrong here so lets try to diagnose them.
    1. Your lan clients are not connecting to the pfSense box.
    Can you connect to the pfSense web interface? Can you ping the pfSense box from one of the clients? Are they receiving the correct IP address, subnet mask and gateway?
    2. Your pfSense box is not connecting to the modem correctly.
    From the pfSense console can you ping the modem? Can you ping a web address?
    3. The pfSense machine is not routing traffic for some reason.
    Is there anything in the firewall log? This would indicate that you don't have the correct firewall rules in place. Unlikely since the default rule should be fine. Routing could be broken because of a subnet conflict, as you had before, or NAT is switched off.

    The more information we have to work with the quicker this will be so if you post the output of 'ifconfig' or some screebshots that will help.  :)

    Steve



  • Nat is on on the router could that be contributing? I have no access at all to anything on my windows machine. I haven't checked the firewall log but I will tomorrow I can ping from the presence box and it works fine. I chose 24 bit for both if wan and LAN if that has anything to do with it. Likei said I am a total newb to this kind of thing so I am not really sure what else you need. Tell me and I'll find it.


  • Netgate Administrator

    Ah OK. So the test has failed at part 1.
    Firstly, is the client actually connecting to pfSense correctly on a hardware level? If you have it directly connected you may need to use a crossover cable or insert a switch. Do you have lights on the ethernet cards/ switch?
    Since you are running in VM you should be to copy and paste the output of 'ifconfig' from the console, please do. E.g.

    [2.0.1-RELEASE][root@pfsense.fire.box]/root(3): ifconfig
    em0: flags=8843 <up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 1500
            options=209b <rxcsum,txcsum,vlan_mtu,vlan_hwtagging,vlan_hwcsum,wol_magic>ether 00:90:7f:31:4b:f0
            inet 192.168.1.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.1.255
            inet6 fe80::290:7fff:fe31:4bf0%em0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x1
            nd6 options=3 <performnud,accept_rtadv>media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX <full-duplex>)
            status: active
    em1: flags=8843 <up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 1500
            options=9b <rxcsum,txcsum,vlan_mtu,vlan_hwtagging,vlan_hwcsum>ether 00:90:7f:31:4b:ee
            inet 192.168.2.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.2.255
            inet6 fe80::290:7fff:fe31:4bee%em1 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x2
            nd6 options=3 <performnud,accept_rtadv>media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX <full-duplex>)
            status: active</full-duplex></performnud,accept_rtadv></rxcsum,txcsum,vlan_mtu,vlan_hwtagging,vlan_hwcsum></up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast></full-duplex></performnud,accept_rtadv></rxcsum,txcsum,vlan_mtu,vlan_hwtagging,vlan_hwcsum,wol_magic></up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>
    

    Otherwise it's likely the dhcp server is not running or misconfigured. Try running:

    clog /var/log/dhcpd.log
    

    You should see requests and acknowledgements for IP addresses on the LAN.

    Steve



  • All the nics have the led on but the one from the console to my windows machine just flashes


  • Netgate Administrator

    So you have the windows machine connected directly to the laptop with pfSense on it?
    At the moment there seems to be some doubt about the LAN connection at the hardware level. If you can give us the output of ifconfig we can be sure.
    It's possible that neither end of the connection supports auto-mdix in which case you will need to use a cross-over cable or s switch.

    Steve



  • How do I get the if confit output? And I had it working at some point were I could get to the Webgui with strait patch cables and such so?


  • Netgate Administrator

    Sorry I got confused between threads. You are not running pfSense in a vm so you can't copy and paste from the console.
    To run ifconfig go to the console menu select option 8, shell. Then type 'ifconfig' at the command prompt. Confirm that your lan interface is UP and the media status is autodetect.

    Steve


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