Considering trying out pfsense



  • Hello there…

    I’m new to all this, but I’m always curious to try out stuff…
    I’m currently renting a house with my brother, and within a month or so, we’re going from 15/5 connection, to 100/100 (for a lower price at that)
    And I was thinking perhaps it would be cool to try out pfsense, now that we’ll be getting quite alot higher internet connection.
    I’ve never used pfsense before, so I don’t know what it can really do, but that’s what I kinda want to find out 🙂
    I do have some old computer parts laying around.

    Option 1:
    Intel Core 2 Quad Q9300 @ 2.50 GHz
    4 GB of memory (4x1GB sticks. 2 different brands)
    Asus P5Q Deluxe
    That board only has SATA 2
    Does Dual Gigabit ports. (Marvell 88E8056/88E8001® Gigabit LAN controllers.)

    Option 2:
    Intel Core i7-920 Quad Core w/HT @ 2.66GHz
    6 GB of Corsair XMS3 DDR3
    Gigabyte GA-EX58-UD3R
    This board is also only SATA 2
    Only has 1 Gigabit port.

    I can buy second hand IBM Intel Pro/1000 PT Dual Port, or equivalent for about 30-40 USD.

    I could always get HyperX Fury SSD 120GB for 60 USD, mind it would only run at around half the speed.
    Is this something you guys would recommend using as a first time build, or should I actually spend some money buying a newer system?



  • Option 1 is more than enough:

    • “21-100 Mbps We recommend a modern 1.0 GHz Intel or AMD CPU.”

    • “101-500 Mbps No less than a modern Intel or AMD CPU clocked at 2.0 GHz. Server class hardware with PCI-e network adapters, or newer desktop hardware with PCI-e network adapters.”

    https://www.pfsense.org/hardware/



  • I guess I could try build the Option 1 up, and see if it still works. I don’t see why it shouldn’t, but we never know…
    But should I buy a new NIC, or could I test pfsense out with the Marvell NIC first, just to see how it will go?
    We don’t really have much stuff going thru the router at any given time. 2-3 computers at times, and obviously phones/tablets over wifi access point.



  • Try your current HW first, I think Marvell 88E8056/88E8001 should work with pfSense 2.2.X.

    https://www.freebsd.org/releases/10.1R/hardware.html



  • I would also try out at first the existing hardware, but if this will be then not really nice working,
    it might be better in my eyes to buy something strong enough but more power saving and smaller.

    I can buy second hand IBM Intel Pro/1000 PT Dual Port, or equivalent for about 30-40 USD.
    I could always get HyperX Fury SSD 120GB for 60 USD, mind it would only run at around half the speed.

    So you will spend something around ~$100, pleas e have a look to this PC Engines APU1D4 bundle
    that might be enough for running pfSense as a pure firewall. I don´t know where you are living an so;

    Is this something you guys would recommend using as a first time build, or should I actually spend some money buying a newer system?

    It all depends on what you want to build, run and install on top of the pure firewall function.
    Let us imagine you want be turning the pfSense firewall into a full UTM device, the made suggestion
    above would not match that case! (UTM = Squid & SquidGuard, SARG, Snort, ClamAV and pfBlocker-NG)

    Small:

    • Jetway Intel Atom D525 ~$200
    • PC Engines APU1D4 ~$250
    • PC Engines APU2D4 ~$300 (upcoming)

    Mid ranged:

    • Jetway N2930 ~$300 (barebone)
    • Intel Atom C2358, C2558, C2758 ~$300 - ~$800

    The older parts can be used to play around with many other systems in a VM or to test newer
    pfSense versions. If you will self assembling the parts together you could get the APU1D4 for;

    • board $165
    • case $15
    • PSU $15
    • mSATA $35
    • WiFi $40 (if needed)
    • Null modem cable (Serial> USB) $10


  • Opt 1 is good enough, you should give it a shot!



  • Bluekobolt,

    I am looking for cpu preferably with atom  with AES-NI instructions in the chip for open vpn. I need 100Mbps on vpn. I will also probably be running it on ESXi server.
    I have found few besides the one you mentioned. Any recommendation for motherboard for any of those ?
    Looking spend ~200$. If more i may have to wait later on. Maybe atom E3845 ?

    http://ark.intel.com/search/advanced?s=t&FamilyText=Intel%C2%AE%20Atom%E2%84%A2%20Processor&AESTech=true



  • Small:

    • Jetway Intel Atom D525 ~$200
      No AES-NI & QuickAssist
    • PC Engines APU1D4 ~$250
      No AES-NI & QuickAssist
    • PC Engines APU2D4 ~$300 (upcoming, not fully ready now)
      AES-NI but no QuickAssist

    Mid ranged:

    • Jetway N2930 ~$300 (barebone)
      No AES-NI & QuickAssist
    • Intel Atom C2358, C2558, C2758 ~$300 - ~$800
      AES-NI & QuickAssist

    Looking spend ~200$. If more i may have to wait later on. Maybe atom E3845 ?

    http://ark.intel.com/search/advanceds=t&FamilyText=Intel® Atom™ Processor&AESTech=true

    I am not really informed about the newer Intel Atom CPUs or SoCs that coming actual out there, sorry.
    Only some vendors I know really that are using this kind of Intel Atom Nxxxx SoCs in their devices to
    be a router or firewall. But I really can´t say anything about the VPN capabilities and throughput that
    will be able to reach with them. Sorry again.

    Axiomtek NA342 w/ Intel® Atom™ E3825 processor

    • AES-NI
    • no QuickAssist

    Axiomtek NA343 w/ Intel® Celeron® N3050

    • AES-NI
    • no QuickAssist

    Supermicro X11SBA-LN4F w/ Intel® Pentium® Processor N3700
    But problems with pfSense are reported.

    • AES-NI
    • no QuickAssist

    So i really would go more with the SG-2220 from the pfSense store or waiting until the APU2C4 is ready
    and the name is changing into to APU2D4 both comes woth AES-NI and will be sufficient enough for
    100 MBit/s IPSec VPN as I see it right. What the OpenVPN is really needing others should answering
    because I don´t use it and as I am informed it is not getting any benefits from the AES-NI.



  • Bluekobolt thanks a bunch. That actually helps a lot. I will wait for the board release. I’m not in rush and it’s in april.
    BTW i found some testing on Open vpn on that 2d board and can easily do 100Mbps on openvpn with encryption so i will give this a shot when it comes out.
    I can pots a link to this but its from competitive firewall product so not sure if pfsense would be happy about that.



  • Quick question here on that APU board. How does one setup initially install and nic assignment when there is no graphic card?
    Is console port on Putty going to display all the boot information and will show nic assignment just like on graphic card ?
    I kinda see this as maybe becoming nightmare as that’s crucial step in stetting it up. What about troubleshooting it later, threw condole as well?



  • Quick question here on that APU board. How does one setup initially install and nic assignment when there is no graphic card?

    It could be well done by using the amd64-full-console-image with no problems!

    • Set up at the BIOS Console to 115200 8/1/n
    • Set it also up at your Putty settings
    • pfSense comes with this numbers as default

    And now you will be getting a clear and fast console output, and please don´t forget if sometimes
    something goes wrong the mostly and only thing is then the console to revive the box or fix problems.

    Is console port on Putty going to display all the boot information and will show nic assignment just like on graphic card ?

    This should be so. I can´t really say yes but it must be if the correct baud rate was set up.

    I kinda see this as maybe becoming nightmare as that’s crucial step in stetting it up.

    Never, since the older Alix Boards are in usage this was working for many thausend users and customers
    well and it will also doing it for you!

    What about troubleshooting it later, threw condole as well?

    For routers, switches and firewalls the console port either as an USB, RJ45 or serial port
    is mostly the last chance to them revived or fixed up. Please remember these couple
    of words! Perhaps not really mostly, but really often for sure.



  • BlueKobold thanks that give me some reassurance. This board with all parts should be $150-170 total so half the price of atom setup but i realize atom is better.
    The way i configure atom setup at very least i would have to pay $350+ so this is good alternative. The only reservation i have is not having that vga output
    but if you’re saying console is A OK then OK hehe.

    Does this board fit mini itx other enclosure or one would have to go with theirs. I can’t tell from pictures but it seems different and maybe only their custom enclosure works due to where the ports are. Thoughts?



  • Does this board fit mini itx other enclosure or one would have to go with theirs. I can’t tell from pictures but it seems different and maybe only their custom enclosure works due to where the ports are. Thoughts?

    The PC Engines boards are coming not in the miniITX format, it is more that this is an custom format
    and the entire case is a part of the cooling, so no other case should be used in that case, either you
    go with the APU or APU2 Board. I personally would wait on the APU2 that might be better sorted with;

    • AES-NI
    • Intel NICs
    • 4 GB ECC RAM
    • a quad core cpu

    A CPU core can not so easily compared to another CPU core, that are not likes things are going.
    And a router, a switch or a firewall without any kind of console port I would never buy.



  • Bluekobolt u rock man. So i see the APU engines only support nano image. Does that mean that certain packages like snort or other downloadable packages may not be available for Nano pfsesne ? Is there limitations in nano vs full or is this only during install. I see nano is only 177mb tiny comparing to 1.0G full version. Just trying to see if this is not stripped version of pfsense and packages may not be available. ???

    download pfSense (pfSense-X.Y.Z-RELEASE-4g-amd64-nanobsd.img.gz) image. (nano, amd64, non-vga)

    https://doc.pfsense.org/index.php/Full_Install_and_NanoBSD_Comparison

    http://pcengines.ch/howto.htm#OS_installation



  • Bluekobolt u rock man. So i see the APU engines only support nano image.

    You was mixing the older Alix boards and the newer APU & APU2 ones from today!

    Does that mean that certain packages like snort or other downloadable packages may not be available for Nano pfsesne ?

    Yes, for NanoBSD this might be absolutely correct. But together with the PC Engines APU & APU2 you
    are able to use the following storage and boot mediums such as;

    • SDCard
    • mSATA
    • SSD/HDD
    • SATA -DOM
    • USB pen drive (internal & external)

    Is there limitations in nano vs full or is this only during install. I see nano is only 177mb tiny comparing to 1.0G full version. Just trying to see if this is not stripped version of pfsense and packages may not be available. ???

    For sure it will be not only one.

    https://doc.pfsense.org/index.php/Full_Install_and_NanoBSD_Comparison

    Here you will get the detailed answer on your earlier question you made above.

    http://pcengines.ch/howto.htm#OS_installation

    That we both are clear to talk about one and the same thing here is a http Link to the APU & APU2
    boards we are talking about. PC Engines APU2C4
    Above it will be shown how sorted and what kind of hardware it is.

    The APU2 actual status is the following:
    _BIOS is not feature complete yet, in particular -

    • No boot from SD card.
    • ECC not working yet.
    • iPXE module not included yet._



  • So on new APU2d board that will be coming out can i install fully featured iso and run all packages i desire as long as msata drive is in it?

    And would it be be non-vga iso since this board has no vga card ?

    They feature their msata drive for APU board, does that mean i only can use theirs or can i use any other msata. I suspect no as it refers to apu msata controller?

    I’m new to this and instructions on apu site were talking about nano so i took it as only nano be used on their (apu) boards.  Sorry i pasted entire line. It’s been edited. Didn’t even notice that.

    Thank you for all your help in this.



  • This thread was started by @JanFrode and was originally based on other informations and questions she or he
    were asking! Please accept this, because I really don´t want to high jack his or her thread so this might be the
    last time I will answering your personally questions here. Please go and open your own thread that is helping you.

    So on new APU2d board that will be coming out can i install fully featured iso and run all packages i desire as long as msata drive is in it?

    Yes.

    And would it be be non-vga iso since this board has no vga card ?

    Yes.



  • Oh so sorry. I’m also trying to pick best solution so i’m only joining the chat for best solution. One more question and i’m done as i think i got everything.

    On apu website they feature their msata drive for APU board, does that mean i only can use theirs or can i use any other msata. I suspect no as it refers to apu msata controller for that apu board only?



  • pc engines apu, are pretty nice. Also I am from Zurich, Switerland, so it is just next door to me (few minutes by tram to pick directly from their hq).

    Found some benchmarks for older ones: http://www.firewallhardware.it/entry_level_apu_based.html based on current pc engines board, does about 500Mbps in NAT.

    The apu2 is coming in few days, and should easily have 2x CPU performance. (And does AES in hardware, which is also nice)

    I guess, I will actually get then new one, something like apu2c4, which has Intel NICs and better CPU. Should do 1Gbps actually. Around 125 CHF (~128USD, without case, psu, and storage, but all the accessories are surprisingly cheap in their webshop for Switzerland, wil probably fit below 180$). I like it. VGA would be somehow useful, but serial port is ok too. And I can always use 3rd NIC as an emergency network access or something. It is pretty expandable too, with usb, minipci, sata, SD, etc.

    Anyhow, I had no idea AMDs APS comes also without GPU. And indeed apu2c4 comes with CPU which doesn’t have GPU (but that might be just a binning, the GPU might be still there on silicon disabled).

    Rango: I am pretty sure you can put most of the other mSATA or SD stuff there. I think they just have it in the shop for your convenience,. and often they are good enough to do the job. 16GB is somehow small by current standards tho. They list some stuff on their webpage, as for APU board, or for older ALIX boards. It is just so people do not choose something like this mSATA drive, or minipci express wlan card, when they are buying ALIX board, because this will not work or fit even.



  • Cool when you get it lest us know how you like it. BTW the board name will change to apu2d4 from what i heard. For me no vga was deal killer. I don’t wanna mess around with console port. If you do some research you won’t see some of the output during install. It will be garbage, then you have to switch some bound on console port. It’s ok but hassle for me. I would appreciate simple 1024x768 vga output, don’t have to be hdmi or anything but serial port is no go for me, as troubleshooting may be an issue, at least for me.

    Also that amd chip i’m not impressed with it. Didn’t dig the way they implemented heat sink solution either. Since this is custom build board if there are issues you will have to deal with their forum board and play around there. Like their custom BIOS development and bugs and updates within their custom board and bios that drives it. I don’t wanna deal with that. With NUC it’s a pc essentially with vga output. I don’t thing throughput is bad, i don’t know exactly what it is. Maybe be similar to intel but i know intel will outperform. Realtek nics are not issue for setup, just maybe high end throughput, from what i hear.

    Honestly i like 2758 the best but not willing to spend that kinda money now at this box so this was best compromise. I didn’t want to mess around with serial port. I think they made mistake by not including vga output but that’s my opinion. Also with that NUC you can always convert it to media player as it’s 4k compatible and has hdmi. It’s more versatile and price is right. It’s really personal preference. I honestly wanted 2758 but its too much $ for pfsense box imho.

    btw 1d sucks….that’s not even 100Mbps, and NUC will anihilate that box, 2d maybe way better but u should pass on 1d. And it’s 230 euros so it’s expensive for this performace.
    My asus 78u does 60Mpbs on it’s ARM processor. Any pfsense box MUST MUST do more then 100Mbps on AES 256, otherwise it’s not worth my time.

    AES256 58,63 Mbps 55,00 Mbps



  • @Rango:

    btw 1d sucks….that’s not even 100Mbps, and NUC will anihilate that box, 2d maybe way better but u should pass on 1d. And it’s 230 euros so it’s expensive for this performace.
    My asus 78u does 60Mpbs on it’s ARM processor. Any pfsense box MUST MUST do more then 100Mbps on AES 256, otherwise it’s not worth my time.

    AES256 58,63 Mbps 55,00 Mbps

    Its cpu doesn’t have AES-NI. apu2 does have one (in each core ofc). I am pretty sure apu2 will be able to do much more than 1Gbps in AES128 in memory. Other factors might limit performance tho.



  • @BlueKobold:

    Small:

    • Jetway Intel Atom D525 ~$200
      No AES-NI & QuickAssist
    • PC Engines APU1D4 ~$250
      No AES-NI & QuickAssist
    • PC Engines APU2D4 ~$300 (upcoming, not fully ready now)
      AES-NI but no QuickAssist

    Mid ranged:

    • Jetway N2930 ~$300 (barebone)
      No AES-NI & QuickAssist
    • Intel Atom C2358, C2558, C2758 ~$300 - ~$800
      AES-NI & QuickAssist

    Looking spend ~200$. If more i may have to wait later on. Maybe atom E3845 ?

    http://ark.intel.com/search/advanceds=t&FamilyText=Intel® Atom™ Processor&AESTech=true

    I am not really informed about the newer Intel Atom CPUs or SoCs that coming actual out there, sorry.
    Only some vendors I know really that are using this kind of Intel Atom Nxxxx SoCs in their devices to
    be a router or firewall. But I really can´t say anything about the VPN capabilities and throughput that
    will be able to reach with them. Sorry again.

    Axiomtek NA342 w/ Intel® Atom™ E3825 processor

    • AES-NI
    • no QuickAssist

    Axiomtek NA343 w/ Intel® Celeron® N3050

    • AES-NI
    • no QuickAssist

    Supermicro X11SBA-LN4F w/ Intel® Pentium® Processor N3700
    But problems with pfSense are reported.

    • AES-NI
    • no QuickAssist

    So i really would go more with the SG-2220 from the pfSense store or waiting until the APU2C4 is ready
    and the name is changing into to APU2D4 both comes woth AES-NI and will be sufficient enough for
    100 MBit/s IPSec VPN as I see it right. What the OpenVPN is really needing others should answering
    because I don´t use it and as I am informed it is not getting any benefits from the AES-NI.

    I think these two boards Supermicro A1SRi-2558/2758 are quick assist and AES-NI supported.

    I don’t know if there any issue right now. What you guys think?



  • APU2C4

    Debian 8.4

    Linux apu2 3.16.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.16.7-ckt25-1 (2016-03-06) x86_64 GNU/Linux

    I still do not have any pfsense results (I am still playing with it in VirtualBox, and I am still not convinced about pfsense right now), but here are some performance numbers from Linux.

    
    # gnutls-cli --benchmark-ciphers
    Checking cipher-MAC combinations, payload size: 16384
         SALSA20-256-SHA1 39.57 MB/sec
         AES-128-CBC-SHA1 67.64 MB/sec
         AES-128-CBC-SHA256 37.11 MB/sec
         AES-128-GCM 0.41 GB/sec
    
    Checking MAC algorithms, payload size: 16384
                SHA1 92.43 MB/sec
              SHA256 43.06 MB/sec
              SHA512 38.80 MB/sec
    
    Checking ciphers, payload size: 16384
            3DES-CBC 4.48 MB/sec
         AES-128-CBC 0.23 GB/sec
         ARCFOUR-128 76.71 MB/sec
         SALSA20-256 67.65 MB/sec
    
    

    with 6.3W total power consumption during this test.

    
    # openssl speed -evp aes-128-ecb  aes-128-cbc  aes-128-gcm
    type             16 bytes     64 bytes    256 bytes   1024 bytes   8192 bytes
    aes-128-ecb     127544.98k   406525.93k   656512.60k   749048.83k   792521.39k
    aes-128-cbc     124649.83k   175624.04k   214096.38k   226685.61k   230045.01k
    aes-128-gcm      64513.34k   165438.55k   247261.70k   282979.33k   295043.07k
    
    type             16 bytes     64 bytes    256 bytes   1024 bytes   8192 bytes
    rc4              97220.57k   130829.63k   143616.68k   146905.90k   149889.02k
    des cbc          12226.79k    12978.73k    13191.42k    13242.37k    13254.66k
    des ede3          4833.95k     4937.05k     4954.88k     4959.57k     4961.62k
    blowfish cbc     22437.34k    25266.43k    26045.61k    26310.31k    26359.13k
    aes-128 cbc      16068.08k    17115.71k    17509.46k    44544.68k    45140.65k
    camellia-128 cbc    20475.77k    31573.53k    36410.03k    37942.95k    38466.90k
    aes-128-gcm      64770.55k   165564.91k   247574.61k   282806.27k   295458.13k
    aes-128 ige      15734.23k    16539.99k    16828.84k    16869.38k    16867.33k
    
    

    with power usage 6.3W during this test.

    Also I got a mSATA drive 16GB SSD from PC Engines, and it is fast. ~350MB/s write and up to 410MB/s sustained sequential read. Power usage 7.4W when doing read using dd bs=64k of=/dev/null.

    Power consumption is around 5.6W (with power factor 63%) when idle (and PSU essentially at the room temperature!), even with cpufrequency governor set to performance and 1GHz all the time. 5.0W at idle, when using ondemand governor (600MHz on all cores). All with only one Ethernet port active right now. Power factor improves to 70% during load at one core (with usage around 6.3-7.5W depending on a test).

    
    root@apu2:~# sensors
    k10temp-pci-00c3
    Adapter: PCI adapter
    temp1:        +53.4°C  (high = +70.0°C)
                           (crit = +105.0°C, hyst = +104.0°C)
    
    

    at idle, but I would need to recheck if my heatsink and thermal adhisive is correctly attached, because it is little hot.

    I done some ethernet tests again, and I was able to get sustained 101MB/s downloading ubuntu iso files from Internet over IPv4 to /dev/null (with other router doing NAT and probably being a bottelneck). Average 90MB/s. At about 44% CPU usage (out of 400% available), most spend in kernel. Power usage 6.7W during that test.

    Running 4 instances of burnK7, power usage 7.4W (power factor 65%). Temperature stays at around 62.0 °C after stabilisation after few minutes, with my room around 25.6 °C.

    All tests with upper cover not mounted. With cover mounted it might right be few degree.

    PSU is cold all the time, and I cannot even feel it warming up at all even during stress tests. Voltage regulators, converters, coils at the board are only little warm during stress test, and you need to touch them to feel any temperature out of it, and it was low all the time. Capacitors do not warm at all.

    The board is essentially noiseless, but if I try really hard, I can hear some hiss / whine (both during load and when idle, with a little bit different spectrum). It is extremeally low in volume tho. With cover put on, it would be impossible to hear.

    I am positively impressed so far.

    And dmidecode, lspci and lsusb for curious

    
    # dmidecode 
    # dmidecode 2.12
    SMBIOS 2.7 present.
    7 structures occupying 306 bytes.
    Table at 0xDFFB7020.
    
    Handle 0x0000, DMI type 0, 24 bytes
    BIOS Information
    	Vendor: coreboot
    	Version: 88a4f96
    	Release Date: 03/07/2016
    	ROM Size: 8192 kB
    	Characteristics:
    		PCI is supported
    		PC Card (PCMCIA) is supported
    		BIOS is upgradeable
    		Selectable boot is supported
    		ACPI is supported
    		Targeted content distribution is supported
    	BIOS Revision: 4.0
    	Firmware Revision: 0.0
    
    Handle 0x0001, DMI type 1, 27 bytes
    System Information
    	Manufacturer: PC Engines
    	Product Name: apu2
    	Version: 1.0
    	Serial Number: 123456789
    	UUID: Not Settable
    	Wake-up Type: Reserved
    	SKU Number: Not Specified
    	Family: Not Specified
    
    Handle 0x0002, DMI type 2, 8 bytes
    Base Board Information
    	Manufacturer: PC Engines
    	Product Name: apu2
    	Version: 1.0
    	Serial Number: 123456789
    
    Handle 0x0003, DMI type 3, 21 bytes
    Chassis Information
    	Manufacturer: PC Engines
    	Type: Desktop
    	Lock: Not Present
    	Version: Not Specified
    	Serial Number: Not Specified
    	Asset Tag: Not Specified
    	Boot-up State: Safe
    	Power Supply State: Safe
    	Thermal State: Safe
    	Security Status: None
    	OEM Information: 0x00000000
    	Height: Unspecified
    	Number Of Power Cords: Unspecified
    	Contained Elements: 0
    
    Handle 0x0004, DMI type 4, 42 bytes
    Processor Information
    	Socket Designation: Not Specified
    	Type: Central Processor
    	Family: Pentium Pro
    	Manufacturer: AuthenticAMD
    	ID: 01 0F 73 00 FF FB 8B 17
    	Signature: Type 0, Family 22, Model 48, Stepping 1
    	Flags:
    		FPU (Floating-point unit on-chip)
    		VME (Virtual mode extension)
    		DE (Debugging extension)
    		PSE (Page size extension)
    		TSC (Time stamp counter)
    		MSR (Model specific registers)
    		PAE (Physical address extension)
    		MCE (Machine check exception)
    		CX8 (CMPXCHG8 instruction supported)
    		APIC (On-chip APIC hardware supported)
    		SEP (Fast system call)
    		MTRR (Memory type range registers)
    		PGE (Page global enable)
    		MCA (Machine check architecture)
    		CMOV (Conditional move instruction supported)
    		PAT (Page attribute table)
    		PSE-36 (36-bit page size extension)
    		CLFSH (CLFLUSH instruction supported)
    		MMX (MMX technology supported)
    		FXSR (FXSAVE and FXSTOR instructions supported)
    		SSE (Streaming SIMD extensions)
    		SSE2 (Streaming SIMD extensions 2)
    		HTT (Multi-threading)
    	Version: AMD GX-412TC SOC                               
    	Voltage: Unknown
    	External Clock: Unknown
    	Max Speed: Unknown
    	Current Speed: Unknown
    	Status: Unpopulated
    	Upgrade: Other
    	L1 Cache Handle: Not Provided
    	L2 Cache Handle: Not Provided
    	L3 Cache Handle: Not Provided
    	Serial Number: Not Specified
    	Asset Tag: Not Specified
    	Part Number: Not Specified
    	Core Count: 4
    	Characteristics: None
    
    Handle 0x0005, DMI type 32, 11 bytes
    System Boot Information
    	Status: No errors detected
    
    Handle 0x0006, DMI type 127, 4 bytes
    End Of Table
    
    

    PS. 123456789 is real serial number. oops.

    lspci

    
    # lspci 
    00:00.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1566
    00:02.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 156b
    00:02.2 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 16h Processor Functions 5:1
    00:02.3 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 16h Processor Functions 5:1
    00:02.4 PCI bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Family 16h Processor Functions 5:1
    00:08.0 Encryption controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1537
    00:10.0 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB XHCI Controller (rev 11)
    00:11.0 SATA controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SATA Controller [IDE mode] (rev 40)
    00:13.0 USB controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB EHCI Controller (rev 39)
    00:14.0 SMBus: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SMBus Controller (rev 42)
    00:14.3 ISA bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH LPC Bridge (rev 11)
    00:14.7 SD Host controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SD Flash Controller (rev 01)
    00:18.0 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1580
    00:18.1 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1581
    00:18.2 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1582
    00:18.3 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1583
    00:18.4 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1584
    00:18.5 Host bridge: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1585
    01:00.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation I210 Gigabit Network Connection (rev 03)
    02:00.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation I210 Gigabit Network Connection (rev 03)
    03:00.0 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation I210 Gigabit Network Connection (rev 03)
    root@apu2:~# lspci -vt
    -[0000:00]-+-00.0  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1566
               +-02.0  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 156b
               +-02.2-[01]----00.0  Intel Corporation I210 Gigabit Network Connection
               +-02.3-[02]----00.0  Intel Corporation I210 Gigabit Network Connection
               +-02.4-[03]----00.0  Intel Corporation I210 Gigabit Network Connection
               +-08.0  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1537
               +-10.0  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB XHCI Controller
               +-11.0  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SATA Controller [IDE mode]
               +-13.0  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH USB EHCI Controller
               +-14.0  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SMBus Controller
               +-14.3  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH LPC Bridge
               +-14.7  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] FCH SD Flash Controller
               +-18.0  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1580
               +-18.1  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1581
               +-18.2  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1582
               +-18.3  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1583
               +-18.4  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1584
               \-18.5  Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD] Device 1585
    root@apu2:~# lspci -vtn\
    > ^C
    root@apu2:~# lspci -vtn
    -[0000:00]-+-00.0  1022:1566
               +-02.0  1022:156b
               +-02.2-[01]----00.0  8086:157b
               +-02.3-[02]----00.0  8086:157b
               +-02.4-[03]----00.0  8086:157b
               +-08.0  1022:1537
               +-10.0  1022:7814
               +-11.0  1022:7800
               +-13.0  1022:7808
               +-14.0  1022:780b
               +-14.3  1022:780e
               +-14.7  1022:7813
               +-18.0  1022:1580
               +-18.1  1022:1581
               +-18.2  1022:1582
               +-18.3  1022:1583
               +-18.4  1022:1584
               \-18.5  1022:1585
    
    

    lsusb

    
    # lsusb 
    Bus 001 Device 002: ID 0438:7900 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. 
    Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
    Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub
    Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
    root@apu2:~# lsusb  -tv
    /:  Bus 03.Port 1: Dev 1, Class=root_hub, Driver=xhci_hcd/2p, 5000M
    /:  Bus 02.Port 1: Dev 1, Class=root_hub, Driver=xhci_hcd/2p, 480M
    /:  Bus 01.Port 1: Dev 1, Class=root_hub, Driver=ehci-pci/2p, 480M
        |__ Port 1: Dev 2, If 0, Class=Hub, Driver=hub/4p, 480M
    
    

    cpuinfo

    
    # cat /proc/cpuinfo 
    processor	: 0
    vendor_id	: AuthenticAMD
    cpu family	: 22
    model		: 48
    model name	: AMD GX-412TC SOC
    stepping	: 1
    microcode	: 0x7030105
    cpu MHz		: 1000.000
    cache size	: 2048 KB
    physical id	: 0
    siblings	: 4
    core id		: 0
    cpu cores	: 4
    apicid		: 0
    initial apicid	: 0
    fpu		: yes
    fpu_exception	: yes
    cpuid level	: 13
    wp		: yes
    flags		: fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 ht syscall nx mmxext fxsr_opt pdpe1gb rdtscp lm constant_tsc rep_good nopl nonstop_tsc extd_apicid aperfmperf eagerfpu pni pclmulqdq monitor ssse3 cx16 sse4_1 sse4_2 movbe popcnt aes xsave avx f16c lahf_lm cmp_legacy svm extapic cr8_legacy abm sse4a misalignsse 3dnowprefetch osvw ibs skinit wdt topoext perfctr_nb perfctr_l2 arat cpb xsaveopt hw_pstate npt lbrv svm_lock nrip_save tsc_scale flushbyasid decodeassists pausefilter pfthreshold vmmcall bmi1
    bogomips	: 1996.14
    TLB size	: 1024 4K pages
    clflush size	: 64
    cache_alignment	: 64
    address sizes	: 40 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
    power management: ts ttp tm 100mhzsteps hwpstate cpb [12] [13]
    
    ...
    
    

    I commented on mSATA drive details in another thread: https://forum.pfsense.org/index.php?topic=109970.msg612649#msg612649


 

© Copyright 2002 - 2018 Rubicon Communications, LLC | Privacy Policy