Verifying repository data

  • I have downloaded the repository data from but am unable to verify the validity of the signature using openssl.

    I have tried openssl sha256 -verify -signature digests.sig digests

    I get the error Verification Failed

    I also tried openssl rsautl -pubin -inkey -verify -in digests.sig -asn1parse

    I get an output of a signed sha256 hash but the hash doesn't match the output of sha256sum digests

    Should I be using a different tool for verification? How are the signatures actually generated? There is very little documentation on how signing works when using an external signing server as pfsense does.  I found this

    It says the command to sign repository data is "ssh sudo ./" Unfortunately the source code for "" doesn't seem to be available.

  • This should be all for '':

    # Example signing script. See pkg-repo(8) for more information.
    set -e
    read -t 2 sum
    [ -z "$sum" ] && exit 1
    echo SIGNATURE
    echo -n "$sum" | /usr/bin/openssl dgst -sign repo.key -sha256 -binary
    echo CERT
    echo END

  • If openssl is used to make a sha256 digest then it should also work to verify the same. I can't think of a good reason why it should have given a verification error other than the checksum failed. Am I overlooking something? Maybe I should bring this to the attention of the security team. Can you check to see if verification fails for you also?

    The command "openssl sha256 -verify -signature digests.sig digests" should be identical to
    "openssl dgst -verify -sha256 -signature digests.sig digests"

  • Rebel Alliance Developer Netgate

    Looks good to me.

    : egrep '(signature|fingerprints)' /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos/pfSense.conf | sort | uniq
      fingerprints: "/usr/local/share/pfSense/keys/pkg",
      signature_type: "fingerprints",
    : ls -l /usr/local/share/pfSense/keys/pkg
    total 1
    drwxr-xr-x  2 root  wheel  2 Sep  6 09:35 revoked
    drwxr-xr-x  2 root  wheel  4 Sep  6 09:35 trusted
    : ls -l /usr/local/share/pfSense/keys/pkg/trusted
    total 9
    -rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  95 Aug 23 09:38
    -rw-r--r--  1 root  wheel  95 Aug 23 09:38
    : cat /usr/local/share/pfSense/keys/pkg/trusted/ 
    function: sha256
    fingerprint: 30be9cc2e7b2b3ba1ff3b2be1795f3f0719ab9a65322695703dc7b8f004035a8
    : fetch
    digests.txz                                   100% of 1516  B   11 MBps 00m00s
    : tar xvzf digests.txz 
    x digests.sig
    x digests
    : openssl sha256 
    SHA256( 30be9cc2e7b2b3ba1ff3b2be1795f3f0719ab9a65322695703dc7b8f004035a8

    That's for CE, factory has a different URL/digest/fingerprint.

  • Yeah, verifying the sha256 sum of the public key is an important step but so is verifying the sha256 sum  and signature of the actual signed data.

    My understanding of the chain of trust is that the "fingerprint" ie sha256 sum of the public key used for signing is included in the distribution. That's step 1.

    Step 2 is using the public key to verify the signature, digests.sig.  That's what the command
    "openssl rsautl -pubin -inkey -verify -in digests.sig -asn1parse"
    did. The fact that it returned an asn1 encoded sha256 hash tells me the signature was valid. The problem arises with step 3.

    Step 3 is verifying the asn1 encoded hash matches the sha256 sum of the actual digests file. That's where the mismatch occurs.

    See this link.