Anyone using VTI with ASR1000 on other end

  • Loving new VTI functionality! We have a few firewalls already using 2.4.4 with VTI between them, and getting the benefits of IPSec (mostly perf) with routed interfaces has been awesome.

    In one deployment, we just tested moving from Transport P2 + GRE tunnels, and all their state weirdness, to VTI. The other end is a Cisco ASR1000. We did the following to make the change:

    • Cisco side reconfigured their tunnels / interfaces
    • Removed GRE interfaces
    • Removed GRE tunnels
    • Changed P2 from transport to VTI and configured per pfSense docs (/30 local, address remote)
    • Added interface)
    • Configured a wide open firewall rule on the ipsec interface

    Strangely, the P1 part of the tunnels now seems to drop/reconnect every minute - gateway packet loss goes up to 100% average, then comes back down when it reconnects, again and again. When it is up, the VTI tunnel works great - BGP sessions come up, routes come across both sides, traffic flows, etc.

    Local ip is
    Remote ip is

    In system log, I see (might just be a side-effect of the bouncing):
    Oct 11 15:43:41 php-fpm 85870 /rc.newipsecdns: The command '/sbin/ifconfig 'ipsec5000' create reqid '5000'' returned exit code '1', the output was 'ifconfig: create: bad value'
    Oct 11 15:43:41 check_reload_status Reloading filter
    Oct 11 15:43:41 php-fpm 85870 /rc.newipsecdns: IPSEC: One or more IPsec tunnel endpoints has changed its IP. Refreshing.
    Oct 11 15:43:26 php-fpm 353 /rc.openvpn: OpenVPN: One or more OpenVPN tunnel endpoints may have changed its IP. Reloading endpoints that may use PFSENSEINTERFACENAME_VTIV4.
    Oct 11 15:43:25 check_reload_status Reloading filter
    Oct 11 15:43:25 check_reload_status Restarting OpenVPN tunnels/interfaces
    Oct 11 15:43:25 check_reload_status Restarting ipsec tunnels
    Oct 11 15:43:25 check_reload_status updating dyndns PFSENSEINTERFACENAME_VTIV4
    Oct 11 15:43:25 rc.gateway_alarm 6908 >>> Gateway alarm: PFSENSEINTERFACENAME_VTIV4 (Addr: Alarm:1 RTT:34.345ms RTTsd:.549ms Loss:22%)

    In ipsec log, I see lots of:
    07[KNL] <con5000|192> querying policy|/0 ===|/0 in failed, not found

    Anyone succesfully using VTI against an ASR1k or other Cisco kit?

  • I think the issue that routing based vpn like vti left and right subnet should be set not vti ip address
    that break the tunnel
    in config set
    rightsubnet =
    leftsubnet =
    that incorrect tunnel will be never established because ipip is on top vti and based on encrypted domain ip addresses where normally it public ip's from side A and side B.

    From icmp_seq=2 Destination Host Unreachable

    I am trying vti tunnel with ubnt edge pro router.
    PFSENSE devs please confirm.

  • Rebel Alliance Developer Netgate

    Try with this patch:

    I'd also be curious to know if it hurts your other working setups in any way. I don't expect it to, I haven't seen any negative side effects thus far, but I haven't seen enough feedback to be confident in it yet.

  • Thank you let me apply patch

    in order avoid overlap or conflict you have to use pass through for local subnet

    conn dev-host
    left=my lan subnet list
    right=my lan subnet list

  • Rebel Alliance Developer Netgate

    You should not need any of that with VTI, just the stock lines + this patch that adds both ways.

  • Is it possible set just ?
    In config I see

    rightsubnet =,
    leftsubnet =,

  • Rebel Alliance Developer Netgate

    FreeBSD requires the VTI endpoints be there. Without that, it doesn't work, even with just That's the smallest possible set I could get to work.

  • Ok, but it not resolve the issue. Vti still not coming up.

    volga629@canlrt01:~$ ping
    PING ( 56(84) bytes of data.
    From icmp_seq=1 Destination Host Unreachable
    From icmp_seq=2 Destination Host Unreachable
    From icmp_seq=3 Destination Host Unreachable
    From icmp_seq=4 Destination Host Unreachable
    --- ping statistics ---
    4 packets transmitted, 0 received, +4 errors, 100% packet loss, time 2997ms

  • Rebel Alliance Developer Netgate

    There is already a different thread for problems with ubnt/edgerouters though, if you need help, post there or start a thread of your own. This one is specifically for an ASR1000

  • @jimp Good to go against ASR1000 with that patch - tunnel is no longer bouncing. There's a secondary tunnel on the same box not coming up, but I think that's on their side (P1 up, P2 not returning any traffic though pings are going out).

    Regardless, I'll drop in next week after our maintenance window to let you know if they've fixed it.

    I don't have a good test case against other ipsec site-to-site or mobile tunnels on this test box - the only one with those is on prod :) I will do my best to spin something up on this so that you can be more confident in the patch going into -p1 :)

    Thanks Jim!

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