Basic SSH Commands, Most used putty commands

    1. How to find out where you are, the pwd command shows you present working directory.

    2. Change directory

    The cd command is used to navigate into a specified directory on your server.

    Example: cd /home (moves you into the home folder)

    1. The same directory

    cd .
    Using this command you will remain in the same directory you were.

    1. Move me up one directory

    cd ..
    Above command will navigate two steps back from current directory

    1. Go to the previous directory

    cd –
    Above command will navigate to the previous directory.

    1. Go to Home folder

    cd ~
    Above command will navigate to the home directory on your server.

    1. Go to root

    cd /
    Above command will navigate to root.

    How to List Directories and Contents
    8) List files

    usage: ls [option] [file]
    Using the ls command in a folder will display all it’s content.

    Example: ls /home.

    Will return all content of the folder /home.

    1. Show me all files in a directory

    ls -a
    10) Show contents with file size

    ls -h
    If you wish to see a directory’s contents with file sizes just type ls -h

    1. How to see sub-directories recursively

    ls -r
    The ls -r command is used to see sub-directories recursively.

    1. How to see files by file size

    ls -is
    13) List all folders in directory with details

    ls -alh
    How to Copy files/folders with Putty Commands
    14) Copying a file

    To copy a file just use the cp ssh command.


    cp filename.php /home/filename.php

    1. Copy a folder with all files

    cp -r
    This one is used to copy the entire folder with all it’s contents.

    1. Copy and rename

    cp filename.php /home/filename2.php
    How to Move files to different locations
    17) Moving a file

    Example: mv page.php /home/page.php

    1. Move and rename

    mv page.php /home/newpage.php
    19) Move file up one directory

    mv filename ..
    example: mv index.html/ ..

    How to Create files/folders using Putty Commands
    20) Create a folder


    example: mkdir new-folder

    1. Create a file

    Use the touch command to create different files and file extensions

    Example: touch index.php

    How to Compress/Uncompress files?
    22) Compressing folders

    zip -r foldername
    Example: zip -r newfolder

    1. uncompressing folders

    Example: unzip

    1. Compressing folders using tar -czvf

    tar -czvf foldername.tar.gz foldername
    Example: tar -czvf wp-content.tar.gz wp-content

    1. uncompressing folders using tar -czvf

    tar -xvf foldername.tar.gz
    Example: tar -xvf wp-content.tar.gz

    How to Delete/Remove files?
    26) Delete a file

    To delete a file on your server just use the rm command.

    Example: rm index.php

    1. Delete all files from a directory

    rm *
    This command is used to delete all contents from a directory.

    Example: rm * foldername

    1. Delete a folder/directory

    Use this command to remove directories.

    How to change File permissions?
    29) Change file permissions

    Example: chmod 775 newfolder

    1. Change permissions of folder and all files inside

    chmod 755 folder name -R
    Thanks for reading our article and we will keep updating the same articles with more useful commands in coming days. Keep checking this space for more Putty commands.

  • PuTTY commands? PuTTY is a terminal emulator. All the commands I see listed are shell commands. I often issue Linux shell commands, as well as BSD with pfSense. I do not normally use PuTTY and, as far as I've seen, it's not available for LInux, which is my desktop OS.

  • Netgate Administrator

    PuTTY is available for Linux. I use it for serial connections all the time. Obviously little point in using it for SSH there except maybe login storage. There are better options for that though.
    But, yes, these are shell commands, there is nothing PuTTY specific about them. They are not SSH commands either. 🙄


  • LAYER 8 Global Moderator

    For what possible reason does a someone post such a thing in their first post??

    Ah - its spam.. who removed the link that was in the original post? I see it in the revision history..

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