PfSense on Soekris Net 6501-70 - Boots and will not mount



  • The following is the POST from a Soekris 6501 running pfSense 2.0 Release i386 installed to a 320GB drive with the EMBEDDED kernel selected.  Thus far I have not got the disk to mount, I should add that I have the 32GB mSATA SSD that Soekris sells on their site (not installed yet) but I thus far I havn't come up with an easy way for me to install the pfSense image on the mSATA drive as I do not have a PXE environment setup and I can't boot a CD on the Soekris.  I'm wondering if I can get the installer CD onto a USB stick and then install it to the SSD from there, but I havn't tried it yet.

    Any thoughts on getting this mounted and, optimally, getting it over to the SSD?

    POST: 0123456789bcefghips1234ajklnopqr,,,tvwxy

    comBIOS ver. 1.40a  20110906  Copyright (C) 2000-2011 Soekris Engineering.

    net6501

    2048 Mbyte Memory                        CPU Atom E6xx 1615 Mhz

    Initializing Intel(R) Boot Agent GE v1.3.72
    PXE 2.1 Build 089 (WfM 2.0)

    SATA AHCI BIOS ver. 0.6 20110902  Copyright (C) 2003-2011 Intel Corporation

    Controller Bus#02, Device#06, Function#00: 02 Ports, 01 Devices
      Port-00: No device detected
      Port-01: Hard Disk, ST9320421ASG

    Slot  Vend Dev  ClassRev Cmd  Stat CL LT HT  Base1    Base2  Int
    –------------------------------------------------------------------
    00:00:0 8086 4114 06000005 0007 0000 00 00 00 00000000 00000000
    00:23:0 8086 8184 06040000 0107 0010 08 00 01 1FFF1000 A0FFA000 10
    00:24:0 8086 8185 06040000 0107 0010 08 00 01 3FFF2000 A2FFA100 11
    00:25:0 8086 8180 06040000 0107 0010 08 00 01 5FFF4000 A4FFA300 05
    00:26:0 8086 8181 06040000 0107 0010 08 00 01 0FFF1000 00FFA000 09
    00:31:0 8086 8186 06010000 0003 0000 00 00 80 00000000 00000000
    02:02:0 8086 8804 0C031001 0106 0010 00 00 80 A0000900 00000000 09
    02:02:1 8086 8805 0C031001 0106 0010 00 00 80 A0000A00 00000000 09
    02:02:2 8086 8806 0C031001 0106 0010 00 00 80 A0000B00 00000000 09
    02:02:3 8086 8807 0C032001 0106 0010 00 00 80 A0000C00 00000000 09
    02:06:0 8086 880B 01060101 0107 0010 00 00 00 00000000 00000000 11
    02:08:0 8086 880C 0C031001 0106 0010 00 00 80 A0004400 00000000 10
    02:08:1 8086 880D 0C031001 0106 0010 00 00 80 A0004500 00000000 10
    02:08:2 8086 880E 0C031001 0106 0010 00 00 80 A0004600 00000000 10
    02:08:3 8086 880F 0C032001 0106 0010 00 00 80 A0004700 00000000 10
    02:10:1 8086 8811 07000200 0107 0010 00 00 80 00001021 A0004800 09
    02:10:2 8086 8812 07000200 0107 0010 00 00 80 00001029 A0004810 09
    02:12:2 8086 8817 0C800000 0106 0010 00 00 80 00000000 A0004900 05
    02:12:3 8086 8818 0C090000 0106 0010 00 00 80 00000000 A0004A00 05
    03:00:0 111D 803A 0604000E 0107 0010 08 00 01 3FFF2000 A2FFA100
    05:00:0 8086 10D3 02000000 0107 0010 08 00 00 A1000000 00000000 09
    06:00:0 8086 10D3 02000000 0107 0010 08 00 00 A2000000 00000000 10
    08:00:0 111D 803A 0604000E 0107 0010 08 00 01 5FFF4000 A4FFA300
    10:00:0 8086 10D3 02000000 0107 0010 08 00 00 A3000000 00000000 10
    11:00:0 8086 10D3 02000000 0107 0010 08 00 00 A4000000 00000000 11

    1 Seconds to automatic boot.  Press Ctrl-P for entering Monitor.

    F1  pfSense

    F6 PXE
    Boot:  F1
    //bboooott..ccoonnffiigg::  --DD

    0
                                          y

    1
    (                                                                            1)
                                                                                  )

    /boot/kernel/kernel text=0x8a1d58 data=0x3c9e94+0x9b6a0 syms=[0x4+0x94100+0x4+0x
    caf47]
    |

    ÚÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄ¿
    ³                                        ³
    ³                                        ³
    ³                                        ³
    ³          Welcome to pfSense!            ³
    ³                                        ³                ______
    ³                                        ³                /     
    ³  1. Boot pfSense [default]              ³          /    f 
    ³  2. Boot pfSense with ACPI enabled      ³        /    \        /
    ³  3. Boot pfSense using USB device      ³        /  p  _
    /  Sense
    ³  4. Boot pfSense in Safe Mode          ³        \      /     
    ³  5. Boot pfSense in single user mode    ³        _/       
    ³  6. Boot pfSense with verbose logging  ³              \        /
    ³  7. Escape to loader prompt            ³                _
    _/
    ³  8. Reboot                              ³
    ³                                        ³
    ³                                        ³
    ³                                        ³
    ³  Select option, [Enter] for default    ³
    ³  or [Space] to pause timer  0          ³
    ÀÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÙ

    Copyright © 1992-2010 The FreeBSD Project.
    Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
            The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
    FreeBSD is a registered trademark of The FreeBSD Foundation.
    FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE-p4 #0: Tue Sep 13 16:40:00 EDT 2011
        root@FreeBSD_8.0_pfSense_2.0-snaps.pfsense.org:/usr/obj./usr/pfSensesrc/src/
    sys/pfSense_wrap.8.i386 i386
    Timecounter "i8254" frequency 1193182 Hz quality 0
    CPU: Genuine Intel(R) CPU        @ 1.60GHz (1600.01-MHz 686-class CPU)
      Origin = "GenuineIntel"  Id = 0x20661  Family = 6  Model = 26  Stepping = 1
      Features=0xbfe9fbff<fpu,vme,de,pse,tsc,msr,pae,mce,cx8,apic,sep,mtrr,pge,mca,c<br>MOV,PAT,CLFLUSH,DTS,ACPI,MMX,FXSR,SSE,SSE2,SS,HTT,TM,PBE>
      Features2=0x40e3bd<sse3,dtes64,mon,ds_cpl,vmx,est,tm2,ssse3,cx16,xtpr,pdcm,mov<br>BE>
      AMD Features=0x20100000 <nx,lm>AMD Features2=0x1 <lahf>TSC: P-state invariant
    real memory  = 2147483648 (2048 MB)
    avail memory = 2086936576 (1990 MB)
    ACPI Error: A valid RSDP was not found (20100331/tbxfroot-309)
    MPTable: <soekris  net6501 =""  ="">WARNING: Non-uniform processors.
    WARNING: Using suboptimal topology.
    ioapic0: Assuming intbase of 0
    ioapic0 <version 2.0="">irqs 0-23 on motherboard
    netisr_init: forcing maxthreads to 1 and bindthreads to 0 for device polling
    wlan: mac acl policy registered
    ipw_bss: You need to read the LICENSE file in /usr/share/doc/legal/intel_ipw/.
    ipw_bss: If you agree with the license, set legal.intel_ipw.license_ack=1 in /bo
    ot/loader.conf.
    module_register_init: MOD_LOAD (ipw_bss_fw, 0xc0710010, 0) error 1
    ipw_ibss: You need to read the LICENSE file in /usr/share/doc/legal/intel_ipw/.
    ipw_ibss: If you agree with the license, set legal.intel_ipw.license_ack=1 in /b
    oot/loader.conf.
    module_register_init: MOD_LOAD (ipw_ibss_fw, 0xc07100b0, 0) error 1
    wpi: You need to read the LICENSE file in /usr/share/doc/legal/intel_wpi/.
    wpi: If you agree with the license, set legal.intel_wpi.license_ack=1 in /boot/l
    oader.conf.
    module_register_init: MOD_LOAD (wpi_fw, 0xc0883050, 0) error 1
    ipw_monitor: You need to read the LICENSE file in /usr/share/doc/legal/intel_ipw
    /.
    ipw_monitor: If you agree with the license, set legal.intel_ipw.license_ack=1 in
    /boot/loader.conf.
    module_register_init: MOD_LOAD (ipw_monitor_fw, 0xc0710150, 0) error 1
    ACPI Error: A valid RSDP was not found (20100331/tbxfroot-309)
    ACPI: Table initialisation failed: AE_NOT_FOUND
    ACPI: Try disabling either ACPI or apic support.
    cryptosoft0: <software crypto="">on motherboard
    padlock0: No ACE support.
    pcib0: <mptable host-pci="" bridge="">pcibus 0 on motherboard
    pci0: <pci bus="">on pcib0
    pcib1: <pci-pci bridge="">irq 16 at device 23.0 on pci0
    pci1: <pci bus="">on pcib1
    pcib2: <pci-pci bridge="">irq 16 at device 0.0 on pci1
    pci2: <pci bus="">on pcib2
    pci2: <unknown>at device 0.0 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <network, ethernet="">at device 0.1 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <unknown>at device 0.2 (no driver attached)
    ohci0: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">mem 0xa0000900-0xa00009ff irq 19 at devic
    e 2.0 on pci2
    ohci0: [ITHREAD]
    usbus0: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">on ohci0
    ohci1: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">mem 0xa0000a00-0xa0000aff irq 19 at devic
    e 2.1 on pci2
    ohci1: [ITHREAD]
    usbus1: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">on ohci1
    ohci2: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">mem 0xa0000b00-0xa0000bff irq 19 at devic
    e 2.2 on pci2
    ohci2: [ITHREAD]
    usbus2: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">on ohci2
    ehci0: <ehci (generic)="" usb="" 2.0="" controller="">mem 0xa0000c00-0xa0000cff irq 19 at d
    evice 2.3 on pci2
    ehci0: [ITHREAD]
    usbus3: EHCI version 1.0
    usbus3: <ehci (generic)="" usb="" 2.0="" controller="">on ehci0
    pci2: <serial bus,="" usb="">at device 2.4 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <base peripheral,="" sd="" host="" controller=""> at device 4.0 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <base peripheral,="" sd="" host="" controller=""> at device 4.1 (no driver attached)
    atapci0: <intel ahci="" controller="">port 0x1000-0x101f mem 0xa0004000-0xa00043ff ir
    q 17 at device 6.0 on pci2
    atapci0: [ITHREAD]
    atapci0: AHCI v1.10 controller with 2 3Gbps ports, PM supported
    ata2: <ata 0="" channel="">on atapci0
    ata2: [ITHREAD]
    ata3: <ata 1="" channel="">on atapci0
    ata3: [ITHREAD]
    ohci3: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">mem 0xa0004400-0xa00044ff irq 16 at devic
    e 8.0 on pci2
    ohci3: [ITHREAD]
    usbus4: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">on ohci3
    ohci4: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">mem 0xa0004500-0xa00045ff irq 16 at devic
    e 8.1 on pci2
    ohci4: [ITHREAD]
    usbus5: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">on ohci4
    ohci5: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">mem 0xa0004600-0xa00046ff irq 16 at devic
    e 8.2 on pci2
    ohci5: [ITHREAD]
    usbus6: <ohci (generic)="" usb="" controller="">on ohci5
    ehci1: <ehci (generic)="" usb="" 2.0="" controller="">mem 0xa0004700-0xa00047ff irq 16 at d
    evice 8.3 on pci2
    ehci1: [ITHREAD]
    usbus7: EHCI version 1.0
    usbus7: <ehci (generic)="" usb="" 2.0="" controller="">on ehci1
    pci2: <unknown>at device 10.0 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <simple comms,="" uart="">at device 10.1 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <simple comms,="" uart="">at device 10.2 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <simple comms,="" uart="">at device 10.3 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <simple comms,="" uart="">at device 10.4 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <unknown>at device 12.0 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <serial bus="">at device 12.1 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <serial bus="">at device 12.2 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <serial bus="">at device 12.3 (no driver attached)
    pci2: <unknown>at device 12.4 (no driver attached)
    pcib3: <pci-pci bridge="">irq 17 at device 24.0 on pci0
    pci3: <pci bus="">on pcib3
    pcib4: <pci-pci bridge="">at device 0.0 on pci3
    pci4: <pci bus="">on pcib4
    pcib5: <pci-pci bridge="">at device 2.0 on pci4
    pci5: <pci bus="">on pcib5
    em0: <intel(r) 1000="" pro="" network="" connection="" 7.2.3="">port 0x2000-0x201f mem 0xa1000
    000-0xa101ffff,0xa1020000-0xa1023fff irq 19 at device 0.0 on pci5
    em0: Using MSIX interrupts with 3 vectors
    em0: [ITHREAD]
    em0: [ITHREAD]
    em0: [ITHREAD]
    pcib6: <pci-pci bridge="">at device 3.0 on pci4
    pci6: <pci bus="">on pcib6
    em1: <intel(r) 1000="" pro="" network="" connection="" 7.2.3="">port 0x3000-0x301f mem 0xa2000
    000-0xa201ffff,0xa2020000-0xa2023fff irq 16 at device 0.0 on pci6
    em1: Using MSIX interrupts with 3 vectors
    em1: [ITHREAD]
    em1: [ITHREAD]
    em1: [ITHREAD]
    pcib7: <pci-pci bridge="">at device 4.0 on pci4
    pci7: <pci bus="">on pcib7
    pcib8: <pci-pci bridge="">irq 18 at device 25.0 on pci0
    pci8: <pci bus="">on pcib8
    pcib9: <pci-pci bridge="">at device 0.0 on pci8
    pci9: <pci bus="">on pcib9
    pcib10: <pci-pci bridge="">at device 2.0 on pci9
    pci10: <pci bus="">on pcib10
    em2: <intel(r) 1000="" pro="" network="" connection="" 7.2.3="">port 0x4000-0x401f mem 0xa3000
    000-0xa301ffff,0xa3020000-0xa3023fff irq 16 at device 0.0 on pci10
    em2: Using MSIX interrupts with 3 vectors
    em2: [ITHREAD]
    em2: [ITHREAD]
    em2: [ITHREAD]
    pcib11: <pci-pci bridge="">at device 3.0 on pci9
    pci11: <pci bus="">on pcib11
    em3: <intel(r) 1000="" pro="" network="" connection="" 7.2.3="">port 0x5000-0x501f mem 0xa4000
    000-0xa401ffff,0xa4020000-0xa4023fff irq 17 at device 0.0 on pci11
    em3: Using MSIX interrupts with 3 vectors
    em3: [ITHREAD]
    em3: [ITHREAD]
    em3: [ITHREAD]
    pcib12: <pci-pci bridge="">at device 4.0 on pci9
    pci12: <pci bus="">on pcib12
    pcib13: <pci-pci bridge="">irq 19 at device 26.0 on pci0
    pci13: <pci bus="">on pcib13
    isab0: <pci-isa bridge="">at device 31.0 on pci0
    isa0: <isa bus="">on isab0
    cpu0 on motherboard
    ata0 at port 0x1f0-0x1f7,0x3f6 irq 14 on isa0
    ata0: [ITHREAD]
    ata1 at port 0x170-0x177,0x376 irq 15 on isa0
    ata1: [ITHREAD]
    atrtc0: <at real="" time="" clock="">at port 0x70 irq 8 on isa0
    ppc0: parallel port not found.
    uart0: <16550 or compatible> at port 0x3f8-0x3ff irq 4 flags 0x10 on isa0
    uart0: [FILTER]
    uart0: console (9600,n,8,1)
    Timecounter "TSC" frequency 1600007360 Hz quality 800
    Timecounters tick every 10.000 msec
    IPsec: Initialized Security Association Processing.
    usbus0: 12Mbps Full Speed USB v1.0
    usbus1: 12Mbps Full Speed USB v1.0
    ugen0.1: <(0x8086)> at usbus0
    uhub0: <(0x8086) OHCI root HUB, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usbus0
    ugen1.1: <(0x8086)> at usbus1
    uhub1: <(0x8086) OHCI root HUB, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usbus1
    usbus2: 12Mbps Full Speed USB v1.0
    usbus3: 480Mbps High Speed USB v2.0
    ugen2.1: <(0x8086)> at usbus2
    uhub2: <(0x8086) OHCI root HUB, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usbus2
    ugen3.1: <intel>at usbus3
    uhub3: <intel 1="" 9="" ehci="" root="" hub,="" class="" 0,="" rev="" 2.00="" 1.00,="" addr="">on usbus3
    uhub0: 1 port with 1 removable, self powered
    uhub1: 1 port with 1 removable, self powered
    usbus4: 12Mbps Full Speed USB v1.0
    usbus5: 12Mbps Full Speed USB v1.0
    uhub2: 1 port with 1 removable, self powered
    ugen4.1: <(0x8086)> at usbus4
    uhub4: <(0x8086) OHCI root HUB, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usbus4
    ugen5.1: <(0x8086)> at usbus5
    uhub5: <(0x8086) OHCI root HUB, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usbus5
    usbus6: 12Mbps Full Speed USB v1.0
    usbus7: 480Mbps High Speed USB v2.0
    ugen6.1: <(0x8086)> at usbus6
    uhub6: <(0x8086) OHCI root HUB, class 9/0, rev 1.00/1.00, addr 1> on usbus6
    ugen7.1: <intel>at usbus7
    uhub7: <intel 1="" 9="" ehci="" root="" hub,="" class="" 0,="" rev="" 2.00="" 1.00,="" addr="">on usbus7
    uhub4: 1 port with 1 removable, self powered
    uhub5: 1 port with 1 removable, self powered
    uhub6: 1 port with 1 removable, self powered
    ad6: 305245MB <seagate st9320421asg="" dea2="">at ata3-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s
    Root mount waiting for: usbus7 usbus3
    uhub3: 3 ports with 3 removable, self powered
    uhub7: 3 ports with 3 removable, self powered
    Trying to mount root from ufs:/dev/ad8s1a
    ROOT MOUNT ERROR:
    If you have invalid mount options, reboot, and first try the following from
    the loader prompt:

    set vfs.root.mountfrom.options=rw

    and then remove invalid mount options from /etc/fstab.

    Loader variables:
    vfs.root.mountfrom=ufs:/dev/ad8s1a
    vfs.root.mountfrom.options=rw

    Manual root filesystem specification:
      <fstype>:<device>Mount <device>using filesystem <fstype>eg. ufs:/dev/da0s1a
                          eg. cd9660:/dev/acd0
                          This is equivalent to: mount -t cd9660 /dev/acd0 /

    ?                  List valid disk boot devices
      <empty line="">Abort manual input

    mountroot></empty></fstype></device></device></fstype></seagate></intel></intel></intel></intel></at></isa></pci-isa></pci></pci-pci></pci></pci-pci></intel(r)></pci></pci-pci></intel(r)></pci></pci-pci></pci></pci-pci></pci></pci-pci></pci></pci-pci></intel(r)></pci></pci-pci></intel(r)></pci></pci-pci></pci></pci-pci></pci></pci-pci></unknown></serial></serial></serial></unknown></simple></simple></simple></simple></unknown></ehci></ehci></ohci></ohci></ohci></ohci></ohci></ohci></ata></ata></intel></serial></ehci></ehci></ohci></ohci></ohci></ohci></ohci></ohci></unknown></network,></unknown></pci></pci-pci></pci></pci-pci></pci></mptable></software></version></soekris ></lahf></nx,lm></sse3,dtes64,mon,ds_cpl,vmx,est,tm2,ssse3,cx16,xtpr,pdcm,mov<br></fpu,vme,de,pse,tsc,msr,pae,mce,cx8,apic,sep,mtrr,pge,mca,c<br>



  • The hard drive on your system is ad6:
    @martin0641:

    ad6: 305245MB <seagate st9320421asg="" dea2="">at ata3-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s</seagate>

    but when the software was installed to the hard drive the hard drive was ad8:
    @martin0641:

    Trying to mount root from ufs:/dev/ad8s1a

    I suggest you reboot and at the mountroot> prompt type ufs:/dev/ad6s1a then when get the console prompt select option 8 for Shell then edit /etc/fstab to replace all occurrences of ad8 by ad6

    @martin0641:

    Any thoughts on getting this mounted and, optimally, getting it over to the SSD?

    I think an easier procedure than getting your existing installation over to the SDD would be to

    • download the appropriate memstick image

    • gunzip it and physically write it to  USB stick

    • put the SSD drive in the Soekris, boot from the USB stick and install to the SSD.

    • That your hard drive is a vastly different size from the SSD makes it a bit fiddly to "copy the installation" from hard drive to SSD. (



  • Thanks for the tip, I knew I was missing something silly.  I'll swap that 8 to a 6 and I bet it starts right up.

    Insofar as installing to the SSD, the memstick versions cannot be upgraded correct?  So if I install it that way, I'll be manually upgrading every time the pfSense team patches, which if possible I'd like to avoid since I went for the SSD.

    I was trying to figure a way to write the regular bootable ISO to the hard drive itself, then install it to the SSD after it boots.  I don't imagine theres a way to invoke the installer from an already installed version of pfSense, so I'm still on the lookout for a way to get the a full installation onto the SSD.



  • The memstick version is only for install. Once installed you can upgrade as normal.



  • You can use a mSATA to SATA adapter board to hook the drive to your computer for the initial install.  They're about $25 on Amazon.



  • @wallabybob:

    I think an easier procedure than getting your existing installation over to the SDD would be to

    • download the appropriate memstick image

    • gunzip it and physically write it to  USB stick

    • put the SSD drive in the Soekris, boot from the USB stick and install to the SSD.

    • That your hard drive is a vastly different size from the SSD makes it a bit fiddly to "copy the installation" from hard drive to SSD. (

      The USB boot code is currently not working on the 6501, this should be fixed in a bios update soon.
      Until then, you're stuck moving drives about and fiddling. (http://soekris.com/net6501_technical_note)


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