*NEWB* After Install it won't boot !



  • So I have installed PFSense gone through the setup guide,
    at the end it tells you to take out the disk after shutdown
    so I do and once it goes to boot it just sits there at


    F1 pfSense

    F6 PXE
    Boot: F1
    /boot.config: -d
    \


    I have looked all over already most of the sites
    don't answer what I need or the answer won't fix my issue,

    Thanks for any help

    Nathan



  • Well I have got a little further, I switched my HardDrive to a 40Gb from a 160Gb,
    I am still stuck how ever,


    F1  pfSense

    F6 PXE
    Boot:  F1
    /boot.config: -D

    BTX loader 1.00  BTX version is 1.02
    Consoles: internal cideo/keyboard  serial port
    BIOS drive C: is disk0
    BIOS 639kB/3142848kB availlable memory

    FreeBSD/i386 bootstrap loader, revision 1.1
    (root@FreeBSD_8.0_pfSense_2.0-snaps.pfsense.org, Mon Dec 12 17:1052 EST 2011
    Loading /boot/defaults/loader.conf
    \


    I'm not sure what to do next,

    again any help is appreciated,

    Thanks
    Nathan



  • I don't know why I bother to post on forums,  I got it to boot,
    I chose the Multi core Kernel option and it booted fine, I don't know why
    though my system isn't dual core its single,

    Thanks anyway

    Nathan



  • I don't know why this happens,

    I get an error message saying


    ral0: only 1 vap supported


    Not sure what it means


  • Netgate Administrator

    @nathan715:

    I don't know why I bother to post on forums

    Hopefully because it may help some future user with a similar problem.

    Which option did you select before multicore?

    The error message means you are trying to create a virtual access point in addition to the normal one and the driver doesn't support it.

    Steve



  • @nathan715:

    my system isn't dual core its single,

    Does it support hyperthreading?

    @nathan715:

    I get an error message saying


    ral0: only 1 vap supported


    Not sure what it means

    It is either a statement  (for example, "Don't try to create more than one VAP because I support only one") or its is a warning that you have attempted to exceed the capabilities of the driver and device (for example, you have have attempted to create more than one VAP).

    VAP = Virtual Access Point. Some WiFi devices can provide multiple WiFi access points on the one piece of hardware - hence Virtual Access Points.



  • Stephen: I chose the option in the middle, I believe it had something to do with no monitor,

    WallabyBob: I got it when I make the Wireless Access point, I have reset everything now as I couldn't connect to it anymore, I'm not sure i'm doing any of this right, I believe it has HyperThreading,


  • Netgate Administrator

    Or could just be a warning and nothing to worry about!
    Good point.  :)

    If you chose the embedded kernel then after the kernel boots the console output switches to the serial port. The video console appears to hang.

    Steve



  • Thanks, Could you help me with another thing, Well alot, maybe a guide from the ground up, All I want to do is make this box connect to the network already and then just act as a wifi hot spot,


  • Netgate Administrator

    Set your WAN to dhcp. Assign the ral0 interface as LAN. Set it as static and make sure you give it a different subnet to the rest of your network. In the wireless settings set it as an access point (hostap).
    From there you should be good. You will have internet access from wifi clients.
    If you need access to wifi clients from the wan side you will have to add firewall rules to allow it.
    If you want wifi clients to be on the same submerged as the rest of your network you will need to setup pfSense as a bridge. That's a more complex subject!  ;)

    Steve



  • I have set it up as followed and configured the wireless but when I press save, I get "ral0: only 1 vap supported" Do you have suggestions as to what I have to fill in so that I can get it to work ?
    Also could it be the wireless card doesn't support running like that ? or does it matter what card I have, I only have one other card. One more thing after I hit save and got the error message I
    can no-longer connect to the pfSense box

    Thanks
    Nathan



  • @nathan715:

    I believe it has HyperThreading,

    A single core CPU with hyperthreading can appear to the software as a multicore system.

    Due to the problem you are having I would be inclined to assign your LAN interface to a wired interface so you can access the web GUI while you play with the wireless configuration. If you have only one wired interface assign ral0 to WAN.

    Please post output of pfSense shell command```
    ifconfig

    
    I suspect you have inadvertently created additional AP. Did you create a wireless interface through _Interfaces_ -> _(assign)_ _Wireless_ tab?


  • I have 2 Network cards (1ob) and  a wireless card, Should I remove my Gigabit pci card and use the onboard for it, it also picks up something with firewire, and yes I did go to Interfaces -> (assign)


  • Netgate Administrator

    How are you accessing the webgui?
    I seem to remember reading something about firewire connections being incorrectly claimed by some network driver. That can't help, disable firewire in the BIOS.
    If you can give us the output of ifconfig that would help a lot.

    Steve



  • I am accessing it through my Gigabit pci card, it sets it up I have
    some assistance in it then it will spit out an I.P eg.192.168.1.129,
    Go to a browser on a main pc then type that in and I
    go through the setup process there,

    As for the FireWire, I could not disable it as there is no feature to do so,
    I have disabled other unnecessary things, I don't think they made a difference though,

    And for the Output from the ifconfig, I would give it to you if I knew what it is,

    Thanks
    Nathan


  • Netgate Administrator

    Ah sorry. At the console menu select option 8, shell, and then enter ifconfig at the command line.
    If you do that via an SSH session you can easily copy and paste the result. Alternatively you can run ifconfig via the Diagnostics: Command prompt: section in the webgui.

    Steve



  • Well I tried SSH'ing into it and no luck so typing I go, Well I can't see all of it, I can not connect to it anymore …. I'm not sure how i'm going to do this, got anymore suggestions ?



  • @nathan715:

    Well I tried SSH'ing into it and no luck so typing I go,

    Sorry, I have idea what that means. Please give at least the ssh command and system response - that would be far more informative than "no luck"

    @nathan715:

    Well I can't see all of it

    Can't see all of what? You were working on the console, selected option 8 to get a shell prompt, then typed```

    ifconfig

    
    @nathan715:
    
    > I can not connect to it anymore
    
    How are you attempting to connect and what is reported when you attempt to connect?
    
    @nathan715:
    
    > anymore suggestions ?
    
    1\. You will help the forum readers to help you if you give details of what you did and the response to that than if you give an information-free description like "no luck".
    2\. Reboot, select option 4 (Reset to factory defaults), reboot then select option 8 (Shell) and type the shell command```
    # ifconfig | grep ral
    ```which shouldn't generate more than a few lines, leave the system in that state and I will try to take things from there.

  • Netgate Administrator

    Oops!  :-[
    I forgot to say you need to enable SSH first. It's in the webgui under System: Advanced: enable secure shell.

    I assume from your not mentioning it that having wireless clients on a separate subnet is not a problem for you.

    Steve



  • Wallabybob: I didn't use any commands for it, I used WinSCP and just used the I.P and account info, the error was simply could not connect, I now know it couldn't connect because SSH is not enabled,

    For the "ifconfig" It is more then could fit the screen there is a half cut off text at the top, I'm not sure if that is the top of the message but I think it's not, If I could get to what it used to say I would write it here, sorry

    I attempt to connect to it by using a browser on my main pc, typing in the I.P and it will not connect it just tells me that "This webpage is not available."

    I'm sorry if I am scarce on detail, I have only started learning about pfSense yesterday, The only other operation system that is based on FreeBSD that I know is FreeNAS and I barely know how to use it, so again i'm sorry if I don't include many details, I'm not sure what to include,

    As for the 2nd option I managed to get the Ifconfig message using SSH and switching from WinSCP to PuTTY.


    ral0: flags=8843 <up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 2290
            ether 00:12:17:9a:96:15
            media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect (autoselect)
            status: no carrier
    fwe0: flags=8943 <up,broadcast,running,promisc,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 1500
            options=8 <vlan_mtu>ether 02:07:e9:47:69:66
            inet6 fe80::7:e9ff:fe47:6966%fwe0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x2
            nd6 options=3 <performnud,accept_rtadv>ch 1 dma 0
    fwip0: flags=8843 <up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 1500
            lladdr 0.7.e9.0.0.47.69.66.a.2.ff.fe.0.0.0.0
            inet6 fe80::207:e900:47:6966%fwip0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x3
            nd6 options=3 <performnud,accept_rtadv>fxp0: flags=8843 <up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 1500
            options=2009 <rxcsum,vlan_mtu,wol_magic>ether 00:07:e9:47:69:66
            inet6 fe80::207:e9ff:fe47:6966%fxp0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x4
            inet 192.168.1.121 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.1.255
            nd6 options=3 <performnud,accept_rtadv>media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX <full-duplex>)
            status: active
    lo0: flags=8049 <up,loopback,running,multicast>metric 0 mtu 16384
            options=3 <rxcsum,txcsum>inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 0xff000000
            inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128
            inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x5
            nd6 options=3 <performnud,accept_rtadv>pfsync0: flags=0<> metric 0 mtu 1460
            syncpeer: 224.0.0.240 maxupd: 128 syncok: 1
    pflog0: flags=100 <promisc>metric 0 mtu 33200
    enc0: flags=0<> metric 0 mtu 1536


    For the "ifconfig grep ral"


    It simply tells me

    ifconfig: interface grep does not exist

    I am assuming that has something to do with the fact that the interface ral0, is not configured, so I
    will configure it and give this, ( as soon as I configured it and saved changes I get, "ral0 only 1 vap supported")

    I changed the command and this is what I got. ( used "ifconfig ral0" ) My new results are:

    ral0: flags=8843 <up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>metric 0 mtu 2290
            ether 00:12:17:9a:96:15
            media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect (autoselect <hostap>)
            status: no carrier


    I thought that it would be worth noting that my PuTTY instance has turned inactive, I was gonna retry it from the beginning to get the error, but it gave me another error, well a warning, " Warning: Invalid argument supplied for each() in /etc/inc/util.inc on line 646",

    EDIT*By the time it all failed and I could not connect
    anymore I was not able to get the error report sorry.*EDIT

    I got past the warning by trying to setup the network connection, I'm not sure how it fixed it but the warning is gone,

    Now to setup the Wifi.

    I am now gonna include all the settings I choose.

    Interfaces -> Assign,
    add interface button, It makes a Lan interface with the Wifi card selected, So I save the changes,
    I now move to the Wireless tab, add wireless interface button,

    Parent Interface : ral0 (00:12:17:9a:96:15)
    Mode : Access Point
    Description : Wifi

    Move to
    Interfaces -> Lan,
    (I'm only going to write what I change or set)
    Enable Interface, Check,
    Description : Wifi
    Mode : access point
    SSID : Test
    WEP : Enable WEP, Check
          : Key 1: EXAMPLE123 ( the TX Key box is automatically checked after I press save )
    Save.


    After I hit save I lost connection, same as before. I hope I have provided you with enough information and detail, I really would like this box up and running the way it is supposed to,

    Now for stephen:

    I set it up and the ifconfig message is up on the page, obviously. I will most likely be the only one on the Wireless, that's the point to this, A connection where no one is on, so hopefully I could gain a little more speed, So separate subnet in not a problem for me,

    Thanks to both of you,

    Nathan

    I thought this tidbit of info may help. These are all the interfaces my system can see, I have now removed my Gigabit pci card, and I am gonna use the onboard.

    ral0  00:12:17:9a:96:15  (up) Ralink Technology TR2560
    fwe0  02:07:e9:47:69:66  (up) Etherenet over fireWire
    fwip0 00:07:e9:00:00:47:69:66:0a:02:ff:fe:00:00:00:00  (up) IP over FireWire
    fxp0  00:07:e9:47:69:66  (up) Intel 82801ba (D865) Pro/100 VE Ethernet</hostap></up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast></promisc></performnud,accept_rtadv></rxcsum,txcsum></up,loopback,running,multicast></full-duplex></performnud,accept_rtadv></rxcsum,vlan_mtu,wol_magic></up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast></performnud,accept_rtadv></up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast></performnud,accept_rtadv></vlan_mtu></up,broadcast,running,promisc,simplex,multicast></up,broadcast,running,simplex,multicast>


  • Netgate Administrator

    Ok. Several things come to mind here.
    First off really only for information:
    @nathan715:

    For the "ifconfig grep ral"
    It simply tells me

    ifconfig: interface grep does not exist

    This is because you omitted the | symbol from Wallabybob's request. The pipe symbol, |, instructs pfSense to pipe the output of ifconfig to the grep command. The grep command takes that data and only shows lines containing 'ral'.

    You have given all the information anyway so no worries there.

    Secondly, since you have removed the gigabit interface I assume you are now initially setting up the box with only one interface, WAN. In single interface mode pfSense will allow access from the WAN connection as it's the only one. As soon as you apply the changes after adding another interface pfSense will default to a two interface setup in which all access from WAN is blocked by default. Hence you are disconnected.

    To prevent yourself being locked out your can leave the gigabit NIC installed, enable that as LAN first and use that to access the GUI. Alternatively you can add a firewall rule to the WAN interface to allow access after you enable the wifi NIC. Since this is all internal and security is not an issue at this point just add a rule to allow all traffic, you can always change it to a more restrictive rule later. Your rule should be something like:
    Protocol: any
    Source: any
    Destination: any
    Port: any

    The ethernet over firewire interfaces are simply confusing matters but aren't causing a problem. You can probably disable them later for completeness.

    Steve



  • @nathan715:

    Wallabybob: I didn't use any commands for it, I used WinSCP and just used the I.P and account info, the error was simply could not connect, I now know it couldn't connect because SSH is not enabled,

    As far as I know, WinSCP doesn't have a mechanism for interactive login. PuTTY does. So as well as needing SSH enabled you needed to use the correct tool.

    @nathan715:

    I'm sorry if I am scarce on detail, I have only started learning about pfSense yesterday, The only other operation system that is based on FreeBSD that I know is FreeNAS and I barely know how to use it, so again i'm sorry if I don't include many details, I'm not sure what to include,

    I'm sympathetic. I think a good guide is to describe what you did, how the system responded and how you expected it to respond.

    @nathan715:

    For the "ifconfig grep ral"

    You left out the "|" character from the command. On the two keyboards in front of me "|" is produced as SHIFT-\  (hold down the SHIFT key and tap the \ key.)

    The "|" character is a direction to the Unix shell to "pipe" the output of the command on the left ("ifconfig") to the command on the right ("grep ral").
    @nathan715:

    I thought that it would be worth noting that my PuTTY instance has turned inactive, I was gonna retry it from the beginning to get the error, but it gave me another error, well a warning, " Warning: Invalid argument supplied for each() in /etc/inc/util.inc on line 646",

    I don't know what you would have done to get the Unix shell to report that, but this is probably a distraction from the main game.

    @nathan715:

    Now to setup the Wifi.

    I am now gonna include all the settings I choose.

    Interfaces -> Assign,
    add interface button, It makes a Lan interface with the Wifi card selected, So I save the changes,
    I now move to the Wireless tab, add wireless interface button,

    Parent Interface : ral0 (00:12:17:9a:96:15)
    Mode : Access Point
    Description : Wifi

    Move to
    Interfaces -> Lan,
    (I'm only going to write what I change or set)
    Enable Interface, Check,
    Description : Wifi
    Mode : access point
    SSID : Test
    WEP : Enable WEP, Check
          : Key 1: EXAMPLE123 ( the TX Key box is automatically checked after I press save )
    Save.


    After I hit save I lost connection, same as before. I hope I have provided you with enough information and detail, I really would like this box up and running the way it is supposed to,

    Thanks for the additional information.

    In this state does the system respond to typein on the console? (Perhaps the system has "hung", perhaps it is working fine but you lost connection because you messed with the LAN interface.) I presume you are accessing the pfSense GUI through the WAN interface.

    I suggest you put back the Gigabit interface and on reboot, from the console reset to factory defaults (in case your previous changes will cause ongoing problems), re-assign interfaces assigning the onboard and Gigabit interfaces to WAN and LAN respectively and reboot. (This should mean you can access the pfSense GUI while messing with the wireless interface. Once the wireless interface is working the interface assignments can be changed if desired.)

    Then access the pfSense GUI and do what you did previously EXCEPT assign the wireless interface to OPT1 rather than LAN, DON'T go through the Interfaces -> (assign), Wireless tab, fill in your Wireless details on the Interfaces -> OPTx page, Save and Apply. Does the web GUI still respond? Are you able to detect the wireless network you configured?

    Edit: A couple of further bits of information might be useful:
    1. What build of pfSense are you using? (Its on the home page of your pfSense box.)
    2. What is the brand and model of your wireless card?



  • Well guys, I'm sorry If I am going to be information scarce here, my power went out, I had a reply half way made up then everything spun down, I really don't want to have to write all that again, but I'll do my best.

    Steve: From what I can read, you don't need me to get the other info from the ifconfig with the"|" ?
    and as for the rule, I don't think i will use it, thanks for the thought though,

    Bob: I have started to use PuTTY as WinSCP could not connect properly, about the ifconfig | grep ral do you need me to do that ?

    The error about PuTTY was in Windows, you had said to include detail so I was trying to get it again,

    Linksys wmp54g is the wireless card,
    3.0.1-RELEASE(i386) is the build I believe

    From there I can use the console so I think it was when I messed with the LAN interface, I was using WAN to connect, Well I have done everything you have said, but I got a different message
    on the console it's telling me : ral0: need multicast update callback x2

    I'm sorry if I didn't include a lot of info, I hope I did provide enough, If I did not just tell me what you need and I will try to get it,

    Thanks

    Nathan

    EDIT : I found the type field in general configuration and set it to DHCP then on the console I saw the "ral0: need multicast update callback" again, then a crap load of the weird text that no one can understand then the system rebooted,

    EDIT : It now says "ral0: device timeout" and keeps sending the message

    EDIT : I can not connect to it again, I'm sorry, I'm gonna smash this piece of **** soon if I can't get it to work



  • @nathan715:

    Bob: I have started to use PuTTY as WinSCP could not connect properly, about the ifconfig | grep ral do you need me to do that ?

    The error about PuTTY was in Windows, you had said to include detail so I was trying to get it again,

    Thanks.

    @nathan715:

    Linksys wmp54g is the wireless card,
    3.0.1-RELEASE(i386) is the build I believe

    "3.0.1" probably should be "2.0.1"

    @nathan715:

    From there I can use the console so I think it was when I messed with the LAN interface, I was using WAN to connect, Well I have done everything you have said, but I got a different message

    I presume "you" means Steve since my instructions didn't involve messing with the LAN interface.

    @nathan715:

    on the console it's telling me : ral0: need multicast update callback x2

    Don't worry about that message.

    @nathan715:

    EDIT : I found the type field in general configuration and set it to DHCP

    Why set the type to DHCP?

    @nathan715:

    then on the console I saw the "ral0: need multicast update callback" again, then a crap load of the weird text that no one can understand then the system rebooted,

    I suspect the "weird text" was a crash report.  Crash reports can be deciphered by suitably skilled people.

    @nathan715:

    EDIT : It now says "ral0: device timeout" and keeps sending the message

    What message - "ral0: device timeout"? "ral0: need multicast update callback"? something else?

    @nathan715:

    EDIT : I can not connect to it again, I'm sorry, I'm gonna smash this piece of **** soon if I can't get it to work

    I understand your sense of frustration. However attempting to relieve the frustration in that way will likely only add to the frustration.

    I presume you didn't follow my suggestion of keeping the pfSense LAN interface tied to a "wired" interface so you could continue to access the web GUI while you tinkered with the wireless interface. Correct?

    I have a device supported by the ral driver in my test pfSense. I have never needed to activate it. I have just attempted to do so. The console contains a number of additional reports of

    ral0: only 1 vap supported

    I have actually managed to configure two APs on the interface (presumably one "real" AP and one Virtual AP) and seen the two corresponding SSIDs recognized on my laptop. This pfSense box is running a snapshot build of pfSense 2.1. Unfortunately there have been reports that recent snapshot builds of pfSense 2.1 are broken so I suggest you stick with your current software, at least for the time being. Your report of what I suspect was a crash report leads me to suspect you might have encountered a bug in the ral driver in pfSense 2.0.1. pfSense 2.1 (not yet officially released) uses more up to date device drivers but there have been problems in recent snapshot builds.

    It is probably confusing being new to pfSense and getting different suggestions from me and the very capable stephenw10. I certainly find it difficult to guess what you have done to the system to get where you are.


  • Netgate Administrator

    @wallabybob:

    It is probably confusing being new to pfSense and getting different suggestions

    I agree. I'll hold back unless I see something obvious.  :)

    Steve



  • Bob, I do mean it to be 2.0.1 not 3.0.1, The part where I said "I have done everything you said was to you,
    @wallabybob:

    I suggest you put back the Gigabit interface and on reboot, from the console reset to factory defaults (in case your previous changes will cause ongoing problems), re-assign interfaces assigning the onboard and Gigabit interfaces to WAN and LAN respectively and reboot. (This should mean you can access the pfSense GUI while messing with the wireless interface. Once the wireless interface is working the interface assignments can be changed if desired.)

    Then access the pfSense GUI and do what you did previously EXCEPT assign the wireless interface to OPT1 rather than LAN, DON'T go through the Interfaces -> (assign), Wireless tab, fill in your Wireless details on the Interfaces -> OPTx page, Save and Apply. Does the web GUI still respond? Are you able to detect the wireless network you configured?

    Edit: A couple of further bits of information might be useful:
    1. What build of pfSense are you using? (Its on the home page of your pfSense box.)
    2. What is the brand and model of your wireless card?

    I did follow that, I had the cards all setup asyou wrote there, but I lost connection still, I'm not sure if I am doing something wrong, it could be me just not seeing some obvious setting that I might have to change but I'll try it again and add results, here:, Well I didn't have to do it all again, I got access after 2 or 3 reboots, I recorded the output of the screen, It doesn't look like much but I thought it would help place why the errors are occurring,http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RRwgjpBlnXY&feature=youtu.be, When I got in to the GUI the first thing I was confronted with was a crash report, so Ill paste that in here now,http://www.mediafire.com/view/?4wao8amophe5oo5



  • http://www.mediafire.com/view/?4wao8amophe5oo5 is not very informative: All it shows me is an an almost blank page with "Sheet1" near the top, "Page 1" near the bottom and something like "ypC" below "Sheet1".

    I get the impression your system might be crashing soon after you enable the WiFi interface. Does that seem to fit what you are seeing?

    If you still have the crash report file you could paste it into a reply or attach it to a reply by clicking on the Additional Options link below the textbox in which you compose a forum post.

    The report at http://forum.pfsense.org/index.php/topic,54979.0.html suggests the problems with the snapshot builds of pfSense 2.1 dated 23-Oct-2012 are OK so I suggest you try one of those. Ask if you are not sure what to do.



  • I need to retract my earlier report which suggested I had two APs concurrently active on ral0. My laptop has for some time reported only one of the two SSIDs I configured on ral0. I suspect ral0 transmitted one briefly and that was superseded by the other and my laptop reported both because it hadn't yet timed out the first.



  • The link I gave was supposed to have the crash report in it, I don't know why it's not working, I put it there because It could not be pasted here, It was simply to long, also the system crashes when I change the Type, in the Interface Configuration. I think I got the "crashreport.txt" attached, I should have done that in the first place, I now have the 2.1 version, It was a pain in the arse to find but I got it so I'll try that, I think burning this stupid DVD is the most time consuming part for me, always takes a while, oh well.

    Results,

    Well I'll be damned, I can see the network on my iPod but I cannot connect to it, It simply says "Unable to join the network "Test""

    I am also getting the "ral0: device timeout" message on the console which is the reason I can't connect I presume,

    It appears my crash report file is about 279KB to big, Do you really need to see it ? I could find a way but if you don't want to see it, I won't bother with it.



  • Well I'm not sure what has changed, I haven't changed a thing but I can nolonger see the network,



  • @nathan715:

    I can nolonger see the network,

    Which network? - the WiFi network?

    Can you still access the web GUI through the wired interface?

    Does the pfSense uptime suggest it hasn't crashed?

    Please retain the crash report a little longer. But there probably won't be any point looking at it if pfSense 2.1 doesn't crash.



  • Yes I can nolonger see the Wifi network on the Available network list, I can still use the GUI yes, The uptime clearly shows that its hasn't crashed the system has been running for about an hour or so 55 minutes to  be exact, I still have the crash report saved, honestly unless I go through my 1.5 TB of junk I'll probably always have it, I am getting the error or warning, "ral0: device timeout"



  • There have been some posts about problems with ral interfaces and some users have swapped them for other devices.

    On one of my pfSense boxes I use a TP-Link WN651GD PCI card with Atheros chipset. This is no longer available and I have seen at leat one report of trouble with its apparent successor, the WN350GD.

    On my other pfSense box I have had good results from a Tenda W311U USB WiFi NIC but this seems to be no longer available in retail shops in Australia. The TP-Link WN321G reportedly uses the same chipset as the W311U and costs around the local equivalent of US$12 at my local retail computer parts shop.

    It might be better use of your time to abandon your current WiFi NIC and try another.

    The W311U and WN321G (and other devices using the Ralink RT3020 chipset or similar) require a small tweak to work correctly if present at system startup: add the line

    runfw_load="YES"

    to /boot/loader.conf.local.



  • I have a D-Link AirPlus G (DWL-G510) I am going to try, I'm not 100% sure on the chipset I have read it is an atheros chipset or a ralink, I am going to try it though results down below.

    Well it is an atheros 2413, I have followed the previous steps,
    Quote,
    "I suggest you put back the Gigabit interface and on reboot, from the console reset to factory defaults (in case your previous changes will cause ongoing problems), re-assign interfaces assigning the onboard and Gigabit interfaces to WAN and LAN respectively and reboot. (This should mean you can access the pfSense GUI while messing with the wireless interface. Once the wireless interface is working the interface assignments can be changed if desired.)

    Then access the pfSense GUI and do what you did previously EXCEPT assign the wireless interface to OPT1 rather than LAN, DON'T go through the Interfaces -> (assign), Wireless tab, fill in your Wireless details on the Interfaces -> OPTx page, Save and Apply. Does the web GUI still respond? Are you able to detect the wireless network you configured?"

    I got a little further, I am able to see it, I can still use the GUI connected to the PCI Nic, but when I connect to it, the loading wheel just spins, until it gives up, There is no sign's what so ever on the console, so here I am stuck,

    ask for any more info, I cannot think of anything else to add, I can't think to much really, I'm extremely tired, I hope I gave enough,

    Thanks

    Nathan



  • @nathan715:

    I got a little further, I am able to see it, I can still use the GUI connected to the PCI Nic, but when I connect to it, the loading wheel just spins, until it gives up,

    ts not clear what you mean by "connect to it" - get your laptop to use its WiFi interface then point a browser to the IP address of the pfSense WiFi interface?

    @nathan715:

    There is no sign's what so ever on the console, so here I am stuck,

    What were you expecting to see on the console? No news can be good news!

    I think I mentioned earlier that there would still be some tweaks to perform once you could see the the WiFi network name you had configured.

    Did you laptop successfully receive an IP address, and IP address for default gateway and DNS from pfSense over the WiFi link? If so, as Stephenw10 suggested earlier you probably need to add a firewall rule to allow "open access" on the WiFi interface. After adding the rule you will need to reset firewall states (see web GUI Diagnostics -> States, click on Reset states tab then click Reset States button). Then check you should be able to access the Internet over the WiFi link. (Default configuration for the firewall is LAN can access everything, access through other interfaces is blocked.)



  • I'm using, an iPod , I ment that my iPod touch could not connect to the Wifi it will just sit there trying but it gives up, as for the console I thought it would have shown me similar errors as to before, about the tweaks, I could have read it wrong but it seemed like you had to do that only if you had the 2 adapters,

    @wallabybob:

    It might be better use of your time to abandon your current WiFi NIC and try another.
    The W311U and WN321G (and other devices using the Ralink RT3020 chipset or similar) require a small tweak to work correctly if present at system startup: add the line

    runfw_load="YES"

    to /boot/loader.conf.local.

    Correct me if I'm wrong, I could have misunderstood the sentence as I am very tired,

    I have found the Firewall Rules, but it is unclear to me as to what I should choose for the settings, could you give me a generic setting so that it will have "open access"

    Thanks

    Nathan



  • Forget the loader.conf.local tweak. It applies only to USB devices with particular Ralink chipsets.

    @nathan715:

    I'm using, an iPod , I ment that my iPod touch could not connect to the Wifi

    OK step by step:
    1. Is DHCP server enabled on the WiFi interface?
    2. Do you see a DHCPDISCOVER from your iPod (did you mean iPad? I though iPods were portable music players) in the DHCP server log - see Status -> System Logs, click on DHCP tab.


  • Netgate Administrator

    IPod touch is like an iPhone with no phone. It has wifi.  ;)

    Steve



  • Right is what you are steve, Bob, I have now enabled the DHCP server after a hunt for it, the only thing is,
    is that I can't think the appropriate I.P addresses for the range, I chose 192.168.1.132 > 192.168.1.134
    but I get an error saying "The specified range lies outside of the current subnet." The subnet is 192.168.1.135



  • @nathan715:

    I have now enabled the DHCP server after a hunt for it, the only thing is,
    is that I can't think the appropriate I.P addresses for the range, I chose 192.168.1.132 > 192.168.1.134
    but I get an error saying "The specified range lies outside of the current subnet." The subnet is 192.168.1.135

    Please provide the output from pfSense shell command```

    /etc/rc.banner


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